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Week 3 Notes POSC 103

by: Tiara Notetaker

Week 3 Notes POSC 103 POSC 103

Tiara Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes are for class dates 9/13 and 9/15. Topics: 9/13 - Road to the Presidential Election, The U.S. as a Nation-State. 9/15 - Our Identification with Government, Our Identification with E...
American National Government
Joseph Rudolph
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 103 at Towson University taught by Joseph Rudolph in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Towson University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Tuesday 9.13.16 Road to the Presidential Election  A year before the election, candidates self­nominate themselves  To be a serious contender, the candidates must: ­ Have a “marketable” personality, have a likeable image ­ Raise money through fundraisers and have one or two major sponsors ­ Gain media coverage ­ Build an organization – those who campaign for you and reach out to the public  In the primaries, political parties nominate a candidate to run for them. They take place  at conventions where candidates showcase their ideas. After the convention, the general  campaign begins until the election in November.  In the election, each state’s population votes to decide who that state will vote for.  Maryland has 10 votes in the electoral college, based on the number of representatives  Maryland has in Congress (8 in the House of Representatives, 2 in the Senate).  The candidate who wins the most votes in the electoral college wins the election. If there  is no majority, the vote goes to the House of Representatives.  Third parties are useful because they point out issues that the major parties aren’t  addressing. The U.S. as a Nation­State  Ethnic groups – a community that is identifiable by a series of customs, history,  language, etc. by the outside public.  Nation – is self­defined by the people who live there (a sociological concept)  State – made up of people, territory, and a government (a political concept) ­ Multinational states – states that contain two or more national groups ­ Nation state – people who identify with each other and the government ­ Political socialization – the goal is to develop a common sense of political and social agreement despite differences amongst the people. The gov’t doesn’t always have to  intervene to accomplish this. The educational system has a large influence on it. ­ The U.S. is a multiethnic nation state. Thursday 9.15.16 Our Identification with Government  Americans are generally disinterested in politics ­ People prefer to turn to the sports section of newspapers, or to see the TV Guide and  lottery outcomes ­ We watch entertaining news, not objective, factual news ­ Most Americans cannot identify Afghanistan and Iraq on a map even after our troops  have fought there for years  Why are other countries more interested? ­ They are within closer physical proximity to their government ­ They don’t get to vote or participate that often so they look forward to the opportunity  What is America’s opinion of our government? ­ Even though we are generally not interested in our political system, we are the most  proud of our government Our Identification with Each Other  What causes divisions: ­ Race (current black vs. white sentiments, history of racism towards Italians and  Germans) ­ Religion (current Anti­Muslim sentiments, history of anti­Semitism and anti­ Catholicism) ­ Wealth ­ Gender (women’s equality – salary, should we have a female president, etc.)


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