History 1301, week 1 notes
History 1301, week 1 notes HIST1301
Austin Community College
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna Shulpina on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST1301 at Austin Community College taught by Curtis Baack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History 1301 in History at Austin Community College.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
History 1301 Objectives Chapter 1 – Ancient America 1.1. Locate the origin of the PaleoIndians, the first “Americans”. Asia: Siberia 1.2. Explain how environmental change and the extinction of large game (i.e., mammoths) contributed to the development of greater diversity among Native American cultures. After environmental change in weather, PaleoIndians began hunting for smaller animals and collecting wild plants (foraging). These adaptations contributed to diversity in Native American cultures: by adapting to different local environments, diversity was created. 1.3. Describe how Native American cultures differed from European cultures in the late 15th century. Native Americans: hunting, gathering, agriculture; no writing; no wheel; no ships; no domestication of animals; used fire to shape landscape; around 4 million people, but spread out Europeans: large use of agriculture; heavy use of writing; used caravels (large sailing ships); horses, cows, and oxen; massive architecture; used gunpowder; 4 million in just England alone 1.4. Identify and locate the most powerful Native American culture in the New World and describe how they rose to power. The Mexica. They began to rise to power in 1325 when their small bands settled around Tenochtitlan. To expand their empire, they defeated their allies due to their resourcefulness, courageousness and strong warriors. Warriors held an important role in their society, being even above Mexican priests. In 1490, the Mexica had more land than Spain and Portugal combined and had three times the amount of people. The war god Huitzilopochtli was very important in their society and the Mexican priests sacrificed captives of war to him in order to “keep the sun aflame”. 1.5. Analyze the role of “tribute” in the advances made by the Mexica society. The Mexica collected tribute (goods) from subject peoples for military and political purposes. Tribute included people for sacrifice as well as textiles, food, and exotic luxury items. That way they redistributed the wealth that allowed the construction of huge cities, temples, markets, gardens, and storehouses full of treasures. 1.6. Identify the major weakness of Mexican society that the Spanish conquerors eventually discovered. Page 1 of 2 Because the Mexica allowed the conquered to have their ruling elite stay in power (as long as they paid tribute) and the conquered didn’t receive much from the Mexica, they felt exploited. Mexica did not create a feeling of domination so usually the subject peoples rebelled. The Spanish later exploited this weakness after 1492. Page 2 of2