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Week/Module 2: The Rip Roaring Twenties

by: Amber Garduño

Week/Module 2: The Rip Roaring Twenties ILL 195

Marketplace > Academy of Art University > Illustration > ILL 195 > Week Module 2 The Rip Roaring Twenties
Amber Garduño
Academy of Art University
GPA 3.57

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About this Document

This week, we explore some of the greats that started in the 1920s. Using the module outline, along with some independent research, we'll take a closer lookout Tarzan of the Apes, Little Orphan An...
History of Comics: American Comics
Mr. Kevin Robinette
Class Notes
history, comic, American Comics
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Garduño on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ILL 195 at Academy of Art University taught by Mr. Kevin Robinette in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see History of Comics: American Comics in Illustration at Academy of Art University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 2: The Rip Roaring Twenties Quiz (USED FOR TARGETED STUDY REFERENCE ONLY!) 1) Tarzan of the Apes, by Hal Foster, first appeared in the U.S. newspapers on January 7, 1929, the same day Buck Rogers, by Dick Calkins, made its first appearance. 2) There were so many strips featuring girls/women that, by the time Little Orphan Annie appeared in 1924, the strip was only popular among females. 3) Many of the early action characters used in newspaper strips and comics were adapted from published stories in the '20s and '30s pulp magazines. 4) Elzie (E.C.) Segar began drawing the popular character Popeye from the beginning of The Thimble Theater strip. 5) Harold Gray, a Republican conservative, was the first comic artist to reflect his political opinions into his strip, Little Orphan Annie, by using subtle (and even blatant) examples, like "work hard and earn a day's wage." The Rip Roaring Twenties (Created using Module Outline, independant research, and “The Ten Cent Plague” and “Super Graphic” by Tim Leong) Seldes, editor of The Dial, published The Wasteland, hired Eliot, Mann, and Gorky as foreign correspondents, 1924 finished The Seven Lively Arts, had no intention of taking comics off of streets William Eisner, age 8 in 1925 could draw characters from The Thimble Theater, both parents did not approve, father for realism, mother for fear of lack of practical skills 1929-1934 Newspaper comics shifted in tone and style Wheeler-Nicholson wrote pulp magazines such as Thrilling Adventures and Argosy in the twenties and thirties Newspaper comics were occasionally reprinted in books and magazines since the Yellow kid, and samples of unsold strips found their way onto news racks as early as 1929 (Dell Publishing’s George Delacorte put together a tabloid) I. Winnie Winkle A. Written by Martin Branner 1. Former Vaudeville star 2. Wrote strip from 1920 to 1962 3. Died 19MAY1970 at 81 years of age B. Originally titled Winnie Winkle the Breadwinner 1. Personified the working woman of the 1920s 2. Heralded a new era of aggressive and sassy women in comic strips C. Family life 1. Adopted younger brother, Perry a) Hung out with the Rinkydinks b) Perry dressed well while Rinkydinks wore scruffy, patched clothing 2. Retired aging parents 3. Will Wright a) She and Will married 14JUN1937 b) Will wasn’t present when Winnie Winkle began, making Winnie the first widow and single parent c) No visible father got Winnie canceled in several papers d) Returned from WWII with amnesia, solidifying the soap opera style 4. Twins D. Good bye Winnie 1. Canceled in summer of ‘96 2. Ran for 76 years 3. From ‘81-’82, was a school project II. Little Orphan Annie A. Harold Gray 1. Best known as the creator of Little Orphan Annie 2. Considered to be first cartoonist to use a strip to express political philosophy 3. Almost made Little Orphan Otto B. Cast of Characters (Besides LOA) 1. Oliver “Daddy” Warbucks, one of main characters 2. Punjab 3. Asp 4. Sandy, the dog, Annie often had conversations with, C. Newspaper 1. Debuted AUG of 1924 2. Less than 10% of strips featured lead female characters 3. Quickly gathered a national following 4. Became one of the most favoured personalities 5. Last strip on 13JUN2010 D. Other Media 1. Shows a) 1930: Became a radio star that ran for 13 years b) 1932: Movie debut c) 1938: Second movie sans Daddy Warbucks d) 1977: Broadway musical, ran over 2000 shows over 16 years e) 1982: Third movie, Annie, based on the same named musical, filmed in colour f) 1990: Annie 2: Miss Hannigan’s Revenge opened in Broadway, sequel to original g) 1999: The Wonderful World of Disney created Annie for television 2. Other a) Supporting character in Dell’s Super COmics from 1938-49 b) Appeared in her own publication by Dell from 1937-48 c) One of 20 strips honoured by Post Office, stamp in ‘95 III. Tarzan A. Based on Tarzan of the Apes series written by Edgar Rice Burroughs 1. In late ‘20s, Joseph Neebe asked Burroughs for permission 2. Debuted in 1929 alongside Buck Rogers B. The Newspaper strip 1. RW Palmer wrote the text adaptation 2. Hal Foster analysed story into 10 week format a) Also introduced captions written underneath illustrations b) Didn’t have to worry about composing scene around speech bubbles c) Elaborate backgrounds and quality of art made it hard to sell to syndicates 3. 300 panels total, 5 panels printed per day excepting Sundays a) Found a home in American papers b) Also distributed in a British Weekly c) With Maxon, a full colour Sunday page printed on 15MAR1931 4. Each detail researched C. Other Illustrations 1. Burne Hogarth a) Most notable illustrations b) Featured action and convincing jungles 2. Ruben Moreira a) Worked forPlanet b) Took over Tarzan in 40s 3. Russ Manning a) Popular for Magnus, the Robot Fighter for Dell, and Tarzan for Gold Key b) Took over Tarzan dailies from 1969-72 c) Continued doing Sundays until 1979 4. Mike Grell a) Drew Tarzan dailies from JUL1981-FEB1983 5. Originally started in Sparker and Tip Top Comics a) Republished strips from Newspaper b) 1947 Four Color Comics c) 1972-77 DC Comics d) 1977-1979 Marvel Comics IV. Buck Rogers in the 25th Century AD A. Like Tarzan, based on story from pulp magazines 1. Introduced as adventurer in Amazing Stories Magazine in AUG1928 2. Enticed John Dille to commision the author Philip Nowlan 3. Dille renamed Anthony “Buck” after cowboy Buck Jones 4. Calkins recruited to handle futuristic images 5. 1930: Russell Keaton first to illustrate full colour Sunday strips B. Story 1. Rogers finished tour in France during the Great War 2. Trapped in a cave in 3. Fumes from glowing rocks sent him into suspended animation for 500 years 4. Wilma Deering first person Buck saw 5. She equipped him with a “jump belt” and asked if he was married before they began their adventures 6. Encountered evil-doers C. Other 1. First to add “To be continued” to last panel 2. Strip ended in 1967 3. Successful in almost every merchandising area they developed V. The Funnies A. Dell Publishing attempted a tabloid size, newspaper inspired comic B. Using all new stories and characters C. Originally priced at 10 cents, raised to 30 cents with third issue, reduced to 5 cents with #22 D. Only lasted nine months, discontinued at #36 VI. Popeye A. The Thimble Theater 1. Elzie (EC) Segar started strip in 1919 2. Was a mild gag strip for 10 years 3. Cast a) Original cast before Popeye (1) Olive Oyl (2) Cole and Nana Oyl (3) Castor Oil (4) Ham Gravy b) Cast after Popeye’s debut (1) 1932: Wimpy (2) 1936: Swee’pea (3) Poopdeck Pappy, Sea Hag, Alice the Good and Eugene the Jeep (4) Ham Gravy was phased out in favour of Popeye playing the part of Olive’s boyfriend B. Popeye 1. Debuted in The Thimble Theater in JAN1929 a) Renamed The Thimble Theater Starring Popeye in 1931 2. Was supposed to be hired hand to Castor a) Bought a ship that needed a navigator 3. Became a public favourite from his first sarcastic remark 4. While not visually stimulating, Segar used sophisticated plot production combining fantasy, action and humor 5. Was considered predecessor of superheroes VII. Pulp Magazines A. Named for type of paper 1. About 7inx10in and ½ in thick 2. Ragged untrimmed edges 3. Ran about 128 pages with black ink only 4. Covers printed in four colours on semi-gloss finishe B. Cover illustrations 1. Had to sell magazine 2. Best artists hired 3. Some bought cover illustrations for writers to create a story C. Publications 1. Many characters left as quickly as they arrived 2. Heroes of pulp magazines were more believable than today’s heroes 3. Every subject from crime to romance 4. Stories were printed solely to get public’s attention D. The Detective Story Magazine 1. Printed by Street and Smith Publications 2. Claimed to be nation’s oldest and largest pulp magazine publisher 3. When sales declined, decided to make radio versions of select stories 4. Writer Harry Engman Charlot suggested using The Shadow for spectre host 5. 1930: James LaCurto became voice that recounted adventures with sinister laugh, over-shadowing night’s crime stories 6. People would flock to purchase pulp magazines where he was appearing E. Street and Smith 1. Needed novels quickly 2. Needed characters and images to go with names 3. There had never been a magazine centered around a single character 4. 1919: The Thrill Book pictured a Chinese man with hands up casting a large shadow on a wall F. Walter Gibson 1. Wrote the first story 2. Out-of-work crime reporter and self-taught magician 3. Created alias for his epics: Maxwell Grant 4. Wrote about 24 books a year for 15 years a) Total comes to 282 pulp novels b) Didn’t write every story during this period 5. Replaced by Bruce Elliot after he left in 1946 after a contract dispute G. Bruce Elliot 1. Elliot’s The Shadow never had the same sensation as Gibson’s 2. Because of this, sales went down H. The Shadow ended in 1949 I. The ending of pulp 1. Caused by WWII paper shortabes 2. Also had to compete against pocket novels, comic books and television


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