History 2020, Week 1 Notes
History 2020, Week 1 Notes History 2020 Section 14
University of Memphis
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ayanna Hoskins on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 2020 Section 14 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Michele Coffey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see United States Since 1877 in History at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Abraham Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction Ten Percent Plan (1863) Wade-Davis Bill 1. Pocket Veto th 13 Amendment Lincoln’s Goals for Reconstruction 1. Railroads and agriculture 10% of population voters have to pledge allegiance to the union Congress can override Vetoes Bureau of refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (1865) 80% of white Southerners- were illiterate, so the rich paid for tutors It was illegal to teach slaves hoe to read to keep from abolitionists rising Night School (adults so they can work during the day) Day school (children) Clothe and feed slaves and refugees to keep them working!!! Land Disputes Lincoln Intent on Stopping Slavery Confederacy = no more slavery A. Emancipation Proclamation Union = Slavery 13 Amendment abolishes involuntary solitude except in cases of incarceration. 13 Amendment passes while Lincoln is alive. A. Abraham Lincoln dies in April 1865 Andrew Johnson (1865-1867) Andrew Johnson was Lincoln’s runner up for President in 1864. Johnson became President after Lincoln was assassinated. He was a Southern Republican from Tennessee. He was from the poor parts of the South. 1. Continues the Ten Percent Plan 2. Proclamation of Amnesty a) Amnesty means forgiveness 3. Secession Ordinances 4. Individual Pardons 5. Black Codes 6. Johnson’s views of African American Rights Johnson thought rich white Southerners were greedy. He believed they were killing off the poor whites. High ranking (military officers) and Government officials could not vote or be in the government. (mostly being rich whites) As Johnson wanted, poor white southerners began to take over the government. Johnson wants them to come together to try and ratify the th 13 Amendment to get back at the rich people. And they do just that!!! The rich white people lose their right to vote. So how do they gain back their right to vote? They beg!!! Yes, that’s right. You have to beg for your right to vote. Johnson will give 13,000 pardons to rich people to earn (Beg for) their votes back. 4 confederate Generals Entire confederate cabinet Vice President Confederate Alexander Stephens (under indictment for treason) Black Codes Black codes restrict the rights of African American slaves known as Freedmen. 1. No guns 2. No dogs 3. No large groups without a white person present. 4. Have to have a work contract (Black men, Women, and kids 12 and up) 5. African American cannot be trusted or aren’t mentally ready. Congress Vs. Johnson Congress tries to take over Reconstruction They want to Bar Southern Representatives Bureau of Freedmen, Refugees and Abandoned lands extends in 1866 Civil Rights Act of 1866 established (Johnson Vetoes, but is overridden by Congress) Naturalized citizens (unless you are Native American) have full citizenship No state shall deny or bridge rights of Civil Rights Act 14 Amendment drafted and passed by Congress Supreme Court gets say so in ALL Laws. thThe white people from all over went to State to vote against 14 Amendment Tenure of Office Act Johnson cannot fire anyone in his cabinet/Administration without Congress approval. Limiting Powers of Executive 1. Edwin Stanton Secretary of War (Johnson wants to fire him) a) In charge of Reconstruction Practical’s. Believed in moral work. Loves to fight Immoral people.