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INTA Week 4

by: Nylah Boone
Nylah Boone
Georgia Tech

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These notes cover the class lecture of Tuesday and Thursday week 4.
Intro to International Affairs
Professor Wang
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nylah Boone on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INTA 1110 B at Georgia Institute of Technology taught by Professor Wang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Affairs in International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 4 The Cold War & its Aftermath Cold War 1945-1990  US & Soviet Union (2 Superpowers of Post WWII) o Each had its ideological mission (capitalist democracy versus communism) o Each had network of alliances and clients and a deadly arsenal of weapons  Ideological fight with a lot of proxy wars  Stable frame world of relations emerged o Sino-soviet alliance & split o Korean war, Cuban Missiles crisis, Vietnam war, and many other proxy wars around the world  Strategic parity between U.S and Soviet Union o MAD Mutually assured destruction – role of nukes  Perestroika and Glasnost break of Soviet Union Who stayed cold?  Why the cold war? o Perspectives: inevitable o Better than hot water?  Two foreign policy choices kept the Cold War stay cold  Deterrence & status quo o Balance of power – nukes – no rolling back o Dissuade through fear, denial, and retaliation  Containment and peaceful competition o Offensive/defensive military or economic soft power o Surrounding the USSR w/US allies & US bases o Promoting a liberal economic & political world order o US containment policy via hard and soft power Events and Innovations  Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan o Ideological conflicts o Economics & politics  NATO & Security Treaties  Nice to the defeated enemies  “Loss of China” (1949)  Korean War o Forgotten wat  Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) o The turning point  Decolonization  Vietnam war (1965-73) o The great blur of things Détente  The grand competition o Arms race o Space race o Activities under bipolarity  1963, Limited Test Ban Treaty  1968 Nuclear non-proliferation Treaty  Nixon & Kissinger o Trip to China: 3-way balance of power in Asia  SALT treaties o Principles established to safeguard the Westphalia System  Fall of Berlin Wall (1989) Why did it end?  Containment  USSR lost the peaceful competition  Internal systems  US policies: the 1980s US military buildup  Star Wars strategy  The Nukes o MAD  Leadership o Gorbechev; communism reform became revolution: perestroika and glasnost The Post-Cold War Era, 1990-2010  Westphalia system continues  From bipolarity to unipolarity (for how long?) to multipolarity (already?) to..?  War continue, troubles are the same o Gulf war, Chechnya, Rwanda, Haiti  September 11, 2001- The beginning of a New era o War of Terrorism  Afghanistan  Iraq  Elsewhere and homelands Note: Can you ever win a war on terrorism? By definition or knowledge; people go to war to end conflict/dispute or to conquer something Legacies of Cold War  US Power o Economy, technology, culture o Military o Alliances and global presence  * US Budget in black = (good) red=(debt)*  Ideological conflicts subside  End of history?  “It’s the economy, s…!”  Global norms and values o Ex. Racial equality/ gender equality (b/c after the cold war, biases became uncool) Four Goods 1. Private: property rights and ownership (90%) 2. Public: under-provided (10%) 3. Club: who gets what? Ex. Food stamps 4. Common: tragedy of commons ex.air International cooperation is needed to provide these goods. The three aspects of International Institutions and International Law 1. Role of the UN 2. International laws are useful a. Predictability b. Legitimacy c. Accountability, obligation, consistency 3. International negotiations and agreements a. Law of the sea Present Trends & Issues  Globalization o Achievements, costs and backlash  Resurgence of nationalism and ethnic religious conflicts  Environmental degradation and disease  States/nations all “running to the bottom?” o Redistribution of power and wealth  The “rise of the rest” especially China (only great power that is not a democracy) o Issues & challenges lingering  Geopolitics: middle east, Korea, Africa  Sociopolitical: poverty, environment, justice The United Nations: Collective Security  Peacekeeping: (keep 2 from fighting)  Peacebuilding: (growing more peace)  Responsibility to protect/right to intervene when and how to intervene  Self Determination Post-Cold War  Good news: Interstate clashes are now rare, minor without involving great powers fighting each other  Bad news: regional and domestic conflicts persist  International terrorism o Is peace/security the top value?  The value of life is what they focus on the most


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