Week 4 Ling 201 Notes
Week 4 Ling 201 Notes LING 201
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kate Jahaske on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LING 201 at University of Arizona taught by Rachel Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Linguistics in Linguistics at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
9/14/16 Assignment: Looking for which pluralized version that your collaboratorsprefer, and if you want you have the collaborator rate whether or not they could use the word and if they liked it. Reduplication is copying part or all of the morpheme and using that in affixation. For example, in Bahasa Indonesian, they simply repeat a word to pluralize it. Rumah = house Rumahrumah = houses In English, this intensifies the word. Like the opposite of -ish. Partial reduplication would be like pasok -> papasok Few examples appear in English: rules schmules and would mean that it discounts the original word. Templatic morphology is not found in English, but rather sematic languages such as Arabic, Hebrew and Maltese. The related words share the same consonants, but share the same vowels. Worksheet morphemes: House = ev Hand = el A = bir The = (nothing) My = im Your (sg) = in Your (pl) = iniz Our = imiz To = e In = de From = den Translations: From your (pl) house evinizden To our houses evlerimize In my house evimde There can be nothing for the much like when we say "cat" vs "cats" and know that cat is only singular. Word Trees: Adjective / \ Verb adj / \/ \ / fund(n) -able(v) Re v. Adjective / \ v/n noun / \ Ridicule -ous Adjective / /\ noun \ / \ \ Direct(v) –ion(n) -al noun \ adj Noun /\ /\ Adj adj / \ / \ Un- happy -ness /\ / /\ / / \ Un- break -able Week 3, 9/12/16 Morphology Assignment: Interview 3 English speakers (native or not) for your consultants. Create new or seldom used compound words and ask the consultants what they think of the words and how they would like to pluralize it. A compound word can have a space or not, the way English is written is different than the way it is spoken and even if it is a compound word, it does not mean that it can only appear without a space in the written form. Compound word vs two different words generally relies on pronunciation. Black board (a board that is black)contains two stresses Blackboard (a board in a classroom) contains only one main stress in pronunication Head: The word on the farthest right is the core member and determines the category of the entire word. Follow the Right Hand Head Rule for this. However, this rule does not apply to opaque compounds. Modifier: Modifies the head noun, will generally appear on the left of the word. Located in o Housecat Made of o Snowball Looks like o Stick figure Specifically for o Tea cup A compound can be interpreted with a wide variety of meanings depending on the person or context. Jabberwocky poem: Originally created in the Alice in Wonderland books. The words are made up, but are set in English. Verb, adjective And, as in uffish thought he stood. The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame, Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came! With intuition, you can tell that even these nonsense words have a word class Tree structures: Happy | Adj Unhappy / \ Neg adj / \ Un happy verb | Grade Graded / \ Verb suffix "past" / \ Grade -ed verb Reseat / \ "again" verb / \ Re- seat verb Undo / \ "reverse" verb / \ Un- do You can see what type of speech a word is by noticing what the prefixes/suffixes mainly attach to. adjective Helpless / \ Noun adj / \ Help -less noun Adj /\ / / \ Helplessness / | \ Noun adj noun / | \ Help -less -ness Monstrosity / | \ / | \ Monster -ous -ty adj Refundable / | \ Verb verb adj / | \ Re- fund -able
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