Civil rights Govt 2305
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allen Wang on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Govt 2305 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Patrick Larue in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Politics and Government at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Federalism 2 Types Federal system system of gov where power is divided btwn 2 or more lvls of gov Unitarypower is held by central gov Larger countries tend to be federal Smaller countries tend to be unitary Typology Unit differentiation Congruent relatively homogenous demography (US) Incongruent relatively nonhomogenous (India) Power diff Dual national and subnational gov powers do not overlap Cooperative national and subnational gov powers do overlap Regulated national gov encroaches on subnational power (often through financial incentive) In the US State powers “police power”: health, safety, morals, general welfare National powers everything specifically mentioned in the Constitution Concurrent powers tax, banking, commerce, drug laws Civil Rights Civil Rights right that protect indv. From discriminatory actions from gov. and other indv. Discrimination the unfair/ prejudice treatment of an indv. based on their membership to a social class Social class race, sex, religion, national origin/ language, disability, sexual orientation Origin of the Movement Abolition Solidified during early 1800’s, tho has existed since founding Slavery was forcefully addressed with addition of Missouri Missouri Compromise any state admitted above 36’30” was free and below was slave (with exception of Missouri) Literature on both sides of argument Dred Scott vs. Sandford Sandford brings Dred from the South where he was legally owned to a free state where Dred sued for his freedom Standing Scott does not have standing because he was not a free man Missouri Compromise unconstitutional Federal government have no power of slavery because they can’t seize property Civil War Bang bang boom bom, north wins 13 amendment (abolition of slavery and involuntary servitude) States’ response Black codes Rights restrictions property, business, movement, voting, guns, due process Vagrancy laws arrests can be made for any minor infraction and labeled as vagrant, which is then leased out as labor Congressional response to black codes Civil Rights Act of 1866 Citizenship rights citizen of one state is a citizen of all Due process Equal protection under the law Declared unconstitutional 14 amendment 15 amendment Jim Crow Laws systematic segregation Public areas/ spaces hotels, schools, libraries, theaters, etc Civil Rights Act of 1875 Passed to negate Jim Crow Laws Civil Rights Cases (1883) Congress does not have the power to end segregation More segregation poll tax, literacy tests, property ownership Plessy vs. Ferguson “separate but equal” doctrine De jure discrimination directly written in law De facto discrimination occurs as a result of law Brown vs. Board of Education 14 amendment violation Congress can regulate segregation Segregation is inherently unequal Segregation generates an inferior class Bro desegregate “with all deliberate speed” Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in: Voting registration Public facilities Employment practices Enforcement Department of Justice can sue on behalf of discriminated parties Equal Employment Opportunities Commission
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