WOMS 210, Lecture 5
WOMS 210, Lecture 5 WOMS 210
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Udbluehen03 on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WOMS 210 at University of Delaware taught by Professor Naccarelli in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Women and Religion in Women and Gender studies at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Class 5 – 9/13/2016 Prof. Jennifer Naccarelli, Hinduism Varieties of Creation Myth - Creation by spontaneous generation o Goddess had highest power 1. Virgin birth 2. Birth via a primal sea - Creation by Divine Pairing o Roles of men were recognized 1. Reflects a physical reality 2. A loss of power for the goddess took place here - Creation by Activity of a Single Male God o Goddess no longer needed o At this point the goddess is dead 1. Bodily 2. Intellectual: Genesis How did Patriarchy replace a Gynocenric Culture? - What is the evidence that supports this shift? o Metal Artifacts Prior to 3500BCE use of jewelry, statues and tools. Post 3500BCE they were converted to metal weapons o Gravesites Male chiefs buried in large decorated burial places – wealth predominated these burial sites as the men were surrounded by weapons The Transcription of Myth and the establishment of Patriarchy 1. Those who converted the oral tradition to written form where held in high esteem and the creators of a community belief system. Myth is the foundation of the belief system 2. Through the act of recording the priests and scribes became “the representatives of divinity by mediating the will of go through the written word” (310 A religious leader sanctifies his position by declaring it as mandated by God 3. Obedience to this written word then determines a follower’s salvation. Obedience to the religious leader becomes equivalent to obedience to God Class 5 – 9/13/2016 Prof. Jennifer Naccarelli, Hinduism Religious Power to Social Power - This shift in the realm of religious doctrine (belief) and practice (ritual) corresponded to shifts in power in the material world. This is seen in a control over women’s bodies and views of offspring as a product. The Religious Significance of the Patriarchal Shifts - Excluded women from the role of mediator with the divine - Dethroned fertility goddess and their priestesses - Conceptualized men and women as essentially different - Priests and scribes mediated the will of god through the written word Other elements of the Patriarchal Shift - Other changes worked to reify the transitions in the religious realm What does reify mean? o To take abstract intellectual concept and make it real (to give it concrete material form) - The development and organization of state and government - A socioeconomic system which gave rise to private property - A rise in the concept of kingship and political authority - New dynamic in familial relationships: Paternalism o The father of the family dominates his wife and children in exchange for economic support and protection Hinduism – Paths to the Divine Orientation - The most ancient of the living religions, having reached a high stage of development by 1500BCE - Not one definitive sacred text Class 5 – 9/13/2016 Prof. Jennifer Naccarelli, Hinduism A Hindu Creation Myth - The laws of Manu o The most famous of the Dharma Shastra o Foundational work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society o Dating: complied between 200BCE – 200CE
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