PY 101, Week 5
PY 101, Week 5 PY 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bartolomeo on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Learning Part 2 Learning Objectives Define observational learning Generate examples of observational learning, modeling and vicarious learning Vicarious Learning (Reinforcement and Conditioning) Vicarious learning: learning the consequences of an action by watching others being rewarded or punished for performing the same action o A key distinction of learning is between the acquisition of a behavior and its performance o Learning a behavior does not necessarily lead to performing that behavior Learning of Fear Lab-reared monkeys not afraid of snakes the way wild monkeys are; they were not around monkeys who were afraid Animals’ fears can be learned through observation Social forces play a role in fear learning in humans too o Phobias: interfere with a person’s life o Fears: are livable with Bobo Doll An example of vicarious learning Two groups of preschoolers watched a women interact with this bobo doll. One group watched her act aggressive towards it and fight with it while the other group watched her calmly interact with it. The group who watched the aggressive video attacked very hostile towards the doll by punching and kicking and hitting it. The group who watched her calmly interact with the doll did not show aggressiveness to the doll. Modeling The imitation of behavior through observational learning o Modeling is effective only if the observer is physically capable of imitating the behavior o More effective: attractive, high status and similar to self Smoking behavior in teens o Adolescents who associate with admirable figures are more likely to begin smoking
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