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Lab week two

by: Katlyn Burkitt

Lab week two Biol 221L

Katlyn Burkitt
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These are the bones we learned today, described as well as possible without a model. I missed a which are in bold. They are still important
Anatomy and Physiology I lab
Class Notes
lab, anatomy, 221l
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katlyn Burkitt on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 221L at Towson University taught by Strickland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology I lab in Biology at Towson University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
General terms  Veterbrae: Bones of your back o Body: “Normal” looking piece, it’s the round looking one o Arch: The area surrounding the vertebral foramen (Not the processes) o Vertebral foramen: The big hole in the veterbrae o Pedicals: Connect the body to the process (Anterior o Laminae: Connects the body to the spinous process (Posterior) o Spinous process: The pointing part that faces the back (Nose of the giraffe) o Transverse process: The pointy part that faces the side (Ears of the giraffe) o Intervertebral foramina: The hole that forms from the connection of multiple veterbra o Facets  Superior articulating: Upper flat part (horns of giraffe)  Inferior articulating: The lower flat parts (Cheeks of the giraffe) o 7 cervical: Top curvature ( Breakfast @ 7am)  Transverse foramina: The two extra holes specific to cervical vertebrae  Atlas: C1  Axis: C2  Odontoid process (dens): The pointy part sticking up from C2) o 12 thoraxic: Middle Curvature (Lunch @ 12pm)  The vertebrae that your ribs connect to  Superior Costal facet: Anterior( In front of) the superior articulating facet  Inferior costal facet: The flat part by the intervertebral foramen  Transvers costal facet: Back of the transverse process (behind the ear)  Costal: Means ribs o 5 Lumbar: Bottom Curvurature (Dinner @ 5pm)  Biggest, no transverse foramina, no costal facets, superior articulating facet curves in o Pelvic curvature  Coccyx: Connects to the sacrum  Sacrum: Bottom bone that looks like turtle  Sacral canal: The portion that the spinal cord goes into  Median sacral crest: The spines on the back of the sacrum  Sacral foramina: The holes on either side of the median sacral crest o Thorax  Vertebrosternal: Connect to the vertebra and the sternum (True ribs) Top 7  Verebrochondral: Connect to the vertebra and cartilage (False ribs) next 3  Vertebral: Connect only to the veterbra (False ribs) last 2  Parts of the rib  Body: Everything else  Head: Round bumpy part at the end  Neck: The part around the head  Tubercale: The other bump  Costal cartilages: All of the cartiliage that is connecting the ribs to the sternum  Sternum: Chest bone (looks like a tie)  Manubrium: Top ( Knot)  Body  Xiphoid process: Tail o Bones of the upper extremedy ( Need to know left and right except clavical, patella, and fibular)  Pectoral girdle  Clavical o Bottom is bumpy o Acrominal end: connects to scapula o Sternal end: Connects to the sternum  Scapula o Coracoid process: Process on the inside and is heart shaped o Arcomion: Where the clavical connects o Glenoid fossa: Where the arm connets o Spine: The long part on the back, you can feel it o Supraspinous fossa: Above the spine o Infraspinous fossa: Below the spine o Medial border: Inside border o Lateral border: Outside border  Humerus o Head: Bump on the side that connects to the scapula, largest looks like a ball proximal (top) portion o Anatomical neck: The groove/wrapper around the head proximal(Top of the bone) o Surgical neck: Where the bumps start proximal (top of the bone) o Greater tubercle: Proximal Bigger of the two other bumps o Lesser tubercle: proximal Smaller of the two other bumps o Intertubercular groove: Proximal Groove between the tubercle o Deltoid tuberosity: The ridge distal to the greater tubercle o Medial epicondial: The furthest medial bump ( Towards the scapula) on the distal(bottom) end of the bone o Lateral epicondial: The furthest opposite to the medial bump on the distal (bottom) end of the bone o Coranoid fossa: Anterior (front) of the distal (lower) portion of the bone o Olecranon fossa: Posterior (Back) of the distal (lower) portion of the bone o Trochlea: o Capitulum: Next to the medial epicondial  Ulna (pinky side) o Olecranon process: Proximal end of ulna and connects to the olecranon fossa o Trochlear notch: right between the two process o Coronoid process: Proximal end of ulna and connects to the coranoid fossa o Radial notch: Next to the coranoid process o Styloid process: The pointy part on the distal end of the bone on the medial side  Radius (thumb side) o Head: Ball at the proximal side o Neck: o Radial tuberosity: The rough part on the middle of the bone o Styloid process: the pointy on medial side o Ulnar notch: Distal opposite to styloid process  Carpals: Small bones in the wrist  Metacarpals: The first part of the hand bone  Phalanges: The knuckles o Proximal: Punching knuckles o Middle: Next knuckle o Distal: Fingertip knuckles


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