Organic Chemistry notes 2
Organic Chemistry notes 2 CHEM 2535
Popular in Organic Chemistry
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Chemistry
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savah Notetaker on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 2535 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Jatinder Josan in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry in Chemistry at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Reviews for Organic Chemistry notes 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/16/16
Organic Chemistry Atomic orbitals (AO) and molecular orbitals (MO) Orbitals Spatial distribution of electrons (0, 1, or 2) Types or orbitals: s, p, d, and f Why do bonds form? A molecule is more stable than an atom Electrons can occupy more volume by sharing the 2 nuclei Greater attraction between electrons and multiple nuclei AOMO 2AO2MO (bonding and anti bonding) Hybridization of AOs C 4VE 1s 2x yp z2p 4AOs 1s 2x yp zp 4sp3 4 hybrid sp 3 H2C = CH 2 px py pz s 2 s + 2p 3sp 1(s bond) 2 (p bond) 3 (sp bonds) Ethyne HC HC s xp y p z p sp HF HCl HBr HI Shortest Longest BronstedLowry [Proton transfer] Acid: donates a proton HCl Base: accepts a proton OH Lewis AcidBase LA: accepts electron pair LB: donates electron pair HCl + H O2 + H O H pka =7 H pka=1.7 A HCl Cl H 2 H O H H Curved Arrows Factors affecting pka 1 . Electronegativity C<N<O<F CH <4H <H 3<HF 2 Atoms of the same size strongest acid is the one with the most electronegative atom 2 . Size of atom Strongest acid has proton attached to the longest atom 3 . Charge Stronger acid has proton attached to positively charged atom Hybridization More sp > sp > sp 3 Electronegative Substituents Resonance
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'