Popular in Introduction: Ethics and Society
PHIL 112 07
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Casey Shore on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 112 07 at Radford University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction: Ethics and Society in Philosophy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Virtue Ethics: “These virtues are formed in man by his doing the actions… the good man is a working of the soul in the way of excellence in a complete life.” Aristotle A family of ethical theories (like consequentialism and deontology). Emphasize the role of character in moral philosophy. Some questions you should ask yourself… What kind of person should I be? What should I do? Definition of Virtual Ethics: An act is morally right just because it is one that a person, acting in character, would do in that situation. Aristotle: life= 384322 BC, student of Plato, teacher of Alexander the Great, great philosopher, credited as the first genuine scientists. Nicomachean Ethics: Not by Aristotle (lecture notes), likely by Aristotle’s son, Nicomachus. Nicomachus Ethics the good “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly ever action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been directed to be that at which all things aim.” ** Basically thinks everyone should be or wants to be happy (human flourishing). ** Aristotle thinks that according to human flourishing you shouldn’t be happy for more than a day. Q: What is the ultimate good for humans? A: Human flourishing (Eudaimonia). Virtues: Character qualities that enable an individual to achieve happiness while obeying to the commands of reason. Not just instrumental for happiness (hedonic). Constitutive for the good character constitutes the good life that we call happiness. Virtues v. Characters Not given by nature: what is given by nature is inescapable > we can develop vices the capacity for virtue is NOT just learned >It is developed through habit, we become virtuous by doing virtuously, it takes training. It brings excellence about and makes the thing that brought it about. A good eye makes both the eye and its work good. The Golden Mean: The doctrine of the mean every ethical virtue is a condition intermediate between two other states, one involving excess, and the other involving deficiency. Every ethical virtue is a condition intermediate between two other states, one involving excess, and the other deficiency. a virtue: courage the sphere of action it has to do with: fear and confidence. The state it lies between: rashness and cowardice rashness is an excess of cowardice cowardice is a deficiency if confidence We don’t just identify the middle as the best. “The excellence of hogs if fatness of men virtue” Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard’s Almanac Ethike > ethos > ethics = habit
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