CTCS-190: Lecture Week 2
CTCS-190: Lecture Week 2 CTCS 190
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexander Harutunian on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CTCS 190 at University of Southern California taught by Drew Casper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cinema in Cinema And Media Studies at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 2 2 types of scripts: original and adaptations Original is a script made for the screen Adaptation is a script adapted from a novel or play 3 types of adaptations: loose, faithful, strict 4 elements of a writer’s script 1. Actions 2. Characters 3. Dialogue 4. Setting Script is a framework out of which everything is to grow; very difficult to read When the script is taken over, the director will technically annotate, “tech script” First iteration is writer’s script Second iteration is director’s script Third iteration is “text” Fourth iteration is published script The writer is not the author of the movie Many things happen between when the script is first written and produced A new script will go through a development process Certain genres have to adhere to certain actions Writers write to genre; genre is a writer of a script; a writer comes from culture so that culture influences a script going in and going out A strong director; the director may have nothing to do with the script, but no matter what a strong director will imprint his signature onto the script What if the director also writes? Every actor has a distinct persona; the actor also determines part of the script based on their appearance, acting style, and persona The audience also has a lot to do with determining the writing The writer is a key writer of the movie, but not the only author If a writer has previous success and clout, he will be asked to stay during production; otherwise his job is done once he hands the script over The producer and director are important people No one wants to relinquish power so the script gets pushed through countless power plays so that people can influence the story Theatre respects the writerthe writer has the power; not so with film Jerincho Stone wrote the story about child abuse in 1981 In 1988 it is released as a movie My Stepmother is an Alien; a harrowing melodrama of child abuse was turned into a farce Christmas opening The writer gives the Title of the Movie The title gives the audience the first impression about the movie The writer gives us the subject and theme of the movie Subject that which the movie is about Theme the attitude towards the subject Life A series of things we do over and over that we pay no attention to Haphazard things that are a surprise that we don’t have time to pay attention to You never fully assess either one The only time you assess these are when you recall them after they happened You remember them in the form of a story Life is all inclusion and confusion Story is discrimination and selection A writer’s story begins in life’ he styles life A writer is a magician, priest, rabbi, minister Our sorrows and joys can be contained if we put them in a story A writer structures a story in a plot A history of events that transpire in a certain work A is the cause of B which is the cause of C Must be a relationship in space and time (continuity) Organized around the character The character may progress and regress in his goal Regression is conflict against his goal When you hit the major conflict (when the dream is realized or not realized) that is the climax Antagonist conflicts (creates the conflict) the goal that our protagonist has not realized Protagonist All of this must take place in a specific time and place Aristotle wrote about structure (384 BC) Came up with the linear structure (classical/traditional structure) Linear structure is what we see most of the time Three act story Aristotle wondered why the plays still worked 150 years later Realized they all worked because they used this structure People felt that the world was not as simple as the classical structure Experimenting with linear structure led to episodic structure The film is constructed by a string of episodes Film feels like in multiple parts; multiple narratives Contextual structure is the loosest type; same context, different settings, characters, etc. More organized around a theme Different stories that are connected around that theme “Kind of a continuum” Doug Cummings Which structure is it and why? Within every structure, what are the configurations? Chronological or not? Multiple stories? Narrative the arrangement used to unfold the plot A writer gives character A character is revealed by what they say and do and what others say about them and do to them, color and clothing reveal character, camera angle reveals character, lighting design and editing and music can reveal character, age of the actor A character in movies, unlike the novel and plays, are revealed by reaction and silence Setting space and time; where does this take place and why? Temporal setting: time period, duration, and season Pointofview: what is the point of view; it situates you physically into the space and time of the movie; pov is ideological; Be careful of pov: first person pov is biased Never make movies in first person bc you would never see the actor Motif a recurring theme; that which recurs; repeat everythingmusic, editing, cinematography, images; you do it to emphasize and structure the work Literal, symbolic, and metaphorical words Allusions: an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference, an allusion extends meaning
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