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CTCS-190: Lecture Week 2

by: Alexander Harutunian

CTCS-190: Lecture Week 2 CTCS 190

Alexander Harutunian

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These notes are from the lecture in the second week and cover the topic of script and story. The movie watched was "The Talented Mr. Ripley."
Introduction to Cinema
Drew Casper
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexander Harutunian on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CTCS 190 at University of Southern California taught by Drew Casper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cinema in Cinema And Media Studies at University of Southern California.

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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 2  2 types of scripts: original and adaptations  Original is a script made for the screen  Adaptation is a script adapted from a novel or play  3 types of adaptations: loose, faithful, strict    4 elements of a writer’s script  1. Actions  2. Characters  3. Dialogue  4. Setting  Script is a framework out of which everything is to grow; very difficult to read  When the script is taken over, the director will technically annotate, “tech script”  First iteration is writer’s script  Second iteration is director’s script  Third iteration is “text”  Fourth iteration is published script    The writer is not the author of the movie  Many things happen between when the script is first written and produced  A new script will go through a development process  Certain genres have to adhere to certain actions  Writers write to genre; genre is a writer of a script; a writer comes from culture so that culture  influences a script going in and going out    A strong director; the director may have nothing to do with the script, but no matter what a  strong director will imprint his signature onto the script    What if the director also writes?  Every actor has a distinct persona; the actor also determines part of the script based on their  appearance, acting style, and persona    The audience also has a lot to do with determining the writing  The writer is a key writer of the movie, but not the only author  If a writer has previous success and clout, he will be asked to stay during production; otherwise  his job is done once he hands the script over    The producer and director are important people  No one wants to relinquish power so the script gets pushed through countless power plays so  that people can influence the story    Theatre respects the writer­the writer has the power; not so with film  Jerincho Stone wrote the story about child abuse in 1981  In 1988 it is released as a movie­ My Stepmother is an Alien; a harrowing melodrama of child  abuse was turned into a farce­ Christmas opening    The writer gives the Title of the Movie  The title gives the audience the first impression about the movie  The writer gives us the subject and theme of the movie  Subject­ that which the movie is about  Theme­ the attitude towards the subject    Life  A series of things we do over and over that we pay no attention to  Haphazard things that are a surprise that we don’t have time to pay attention to  You never fully assess either one  The only time you assess these are when you recall them after they happened  You remember them in the form of a story  Life is all inclusion and confusion  Story is discrimination and selection  A writer’s story begins in life’ he styles life  A writer is a magician, priest, rabbi, minister    Our sorrows and joys can be contained if we put them in a story  A writer structures a story in a plot  A history of events that transpire in a certain work  A is the cause of B which is the cause of C  Must be a relationship in space and time (continuity)  Organized around the character  The character may progress and regress in his goal  Regression is conflict against his goal  When you hit the major conflict (when the dream is realized or not realized) that is the climax    Antagonist­ conflicts (creates the conflict) the goal that our protagonist has not realized  Protagonist­     All of this must take place in a specific time and place  Aristotle wrote about structure (384 BC)  Came up with the linear structure (classical/traditional structure)  Linear structure is what we see most of the time  Three act story  Aristotle wondered why the plays still worked 150 years later  Realized they all worked because they used this structure    People felt that the world was not as simple as the classical structure  Experimenting with linear structure led to episodic structure  The film is constructed by a string of episodes  Film feels like in multiple parts; multiple narratives  Contextual structure is the loosest type; same context, different settings, characters, etc.  More organized around a theme  Different stories that are connected around that theme  “Kind of a continuum” ­Doug Cummings    Which structure is it and why?  Within every structure, what are the configurations? Chronological or not? Multiple stories?  Narrative­ the arrangement used to unfold the plot    A writer gives character  A character is revealed by what they say and do and what others say about them and do to  them, color and clothing reveal character, camera angle reveals character, lighting design and  editing and music can reveal character, age of the actor    A character in movies, unlike the novel and plays, are revealed by reaction and silence  Setting­ space and time; where does this take place and why?  Temporal setting: time period, duration, and season    Point­of­view: what is the point of view; it situates you physically into the space and time of the  movie; pov is ideological;  Be careful of pov: first person pov is biased    Never make movies in first person bc you would never see the actor    Motif­ a recurring theme; that which recurs; repeat everything­music, editing, cinematography,  images; you do it to emphasize and structure the work    Literal, symbolic, and metaphorical words    Allusions: ​an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an  indirect or passing reference, an allusion extends meaning 


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