Sociology Week 3
Sociology Week 3 SOCI 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joy Bullington on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Common Sense Explanations We are all sociologist because we observe the world through common sense, but this is wrong Intuition The ability to understand something immediately understand something without consciously thinking about it. Common Sense A collection of rules of behavior, practices, customs, and ways of thinking that we expect any reasonable person to understand. CS is a reliable strategy for hypothesizing what is happening and what is about to happen in the immediate here and now. CS is not taught, but can only be learned through social interaction. If you use common sense to understand the past, future, people who are distant from you or people who are in a different social location, you’ll probably fail to understand. The 2 problems with Common Sense It isn’t common o Common sense is only common between two people if they “share sufficiently similar social and cultural experiences.” o Common sense is shared worldview that stems from a shared social location. It’s different depending on where you are. It doesn’t make sense o Common sense is inconsistent, logically flawed, and even self-contradictory. The 3 errors of common sense explanations o All 3 errors stem from inaccurate mental models o Mental models are the way we conceptualize something in our mind’s eye Our mental model of individual behavior is flawed This presumes that when you make decisions you know everything that is influencing your decision Our mental models of collective behavior are flawed Commonsense explanations of collective behavior oversimplify the complexity of social networks and ignore the emergent properties / behaviors of the network Ex) the Social Person Hypothesis – The inaccurate belief that a complex network can be understood by the actions of a single individual within the network. Ex) Steve Jobs created the iphone We talk about and think about groups as if they are individuals Representative individuals – the inaccurate belief that a complex network of people can be understood as if it were a single person. Our perception of history and the future is flawed. Hindsight is 20/20, as the saying goes, but this is false. Just because something occurred, that doesn’t mean that it was inevitable. Furthermore, our belief that we fully understand why things happened in the past leads us to believe that we can also know what will happen in the future, but this too is false. The Paradox of Common sense Even as it helps us make sense of the world, it can actively undermine our ability to understand it. The Scientific Method Hypothesis – a tentative prediction researches have about what they are going to discover before research begins Independent variable – the factors which we think influence or cause a particular outcome or event. Cause Dependent variable – the outcome or event that is influenced or caused by the independent variable. Effect Correlation – a relationship between two variables Increase in A leads to a decrease in B, so there is a correlation between them. Correlation does not equal causation
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