Sociology Week 2
Sociology Week 2 SOCI 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joy Bullington on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Complexity & Emergence Emergence happens within complex networks Linear and Complex Networks Linear – a set of connected things that interact one at a time. Ex) dominoes Complex – a set of connected things that interact with one another in a non-linear way with many simultaneous interactions between the connected things. Complex social networks – social networks with many individual members who interact with one another in non- linear ways. Often each individual member is making decisions based on simple rules, but when they interact with each other, complex outcomes can emerge. Emergence Emergent phenomena: o Any observed action, event, or situation that results from interactions between members of a complex network Ex) even inanimate objects o Often spreads in a non-linear fashion; not dominoes Emergent properties of social networks: o New attributes of a whole that arise from the interaction and interconnection of the parts. Emergent Phenomenon Emergence can occur without a central conductor telling the individuals within the complex network what to do. – wave Emergence can occur even if no individual within the network wants it to happen. – speeding example, speeders bring other speeders along with them Dumb individuals in a complex network can accomplish brilliant things. Multi-Causality When an outcome is caused by interactions with multiple things or events Single-Causality – A to D Multiple – A to B to D
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