Sociology Research Methods and Data Week 4
Sociology Research Methods and Data Week 4 SOCI 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joy Bullington on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Find existing data or collect new data Rule 1 – trust no one, especially yourself Anecdotal observations o A method of data collection where we rely on what we have personally observed in our day-to-day lives Systematic observation o A method of data collection where observations are collected based on pre-defined rules and procedures Data o The facts and information used in research Empirical data/evidence o Information acquired from using the scientific method that can be verified (or falsified) by other researchers Quantitative methods o Research that uses statistics to analyze numerical data Qualitative methods o Research that uses detailed interviews, direct observations, and/or historical records to examine how a particular group interprets and gives meaning to the world around them Quantitative methods Surveys o A method of data collection where respondents are given a questionnaire with a set of standardized. Everybody gets the same questions Operationalization o The process of taking abstract ideas and turning them into things that can be measured. People lie o So, we ask them questions that hides what we are trying to figure out Qualitative methods Thick descriptions o Rich and detailed descriptions of the way people make sense of their lives, written from the perspective of the people themselves In-depth interviews o A method of collecting data based on asking a person a set of questions and having a conversation with them focused on gathering information related to the research Ethnographers o Researchers who enter the everyday lives of those they study in hopes of understanding how they navigate and give meaning to their worlds Types of Data Cross-sectional data o Data collected at a single point in time Longitudinal data o Data collected at multiple points over a long period of time Population Every possible person in the group you want to research Sample The group of people from the population who are asked to participate in a research study Generalizations Conclusions about a population in general that are drawn from specific observations of people form that population (the sample) Analyze Your Data Descriptive analysis - Ethnography, thick description, central tendencies Comparative Analysis – cross-Tabulation, Disproportionality Disproportionality – when the value of a variable is larger or smaller than we would expect based on chance alone Predictive Analysis – probability
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