Art 1300 - Lecture Notes Week #3
Art 1300 - Lecture Notes Week #3 1300
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Furman on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1300 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Davinia N Gomez-Miraval in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Art Appreciation September 6 , 2016 Professor Gomez-Miraval Lecture Notes KEY PEOPLE KEY VOCAB KEY INFO KEY PLACES Isaac Newton Established color theory (created for physics, but artists began to use it heavily) o A ray of white light passes through a prismto create all the colors of the visible spectrum (those colors visibleto the naked eye – colors of the rainbow) o Difference between a law and a theory? Law = 100% sure it’s true Theory = ~90% sure it’s true Color Theory 1. In the absence of light, there is no color – rather, color is light, you cannot have one without the other 2. All objects are going to reflect one color and absorball the others a. Ex: Blue shirt: all colorsexcept blue are absorbed and blue is reflected b. Ex: White shirt: all colors are reflected c. Ex: Black shirt: all colors are absorbed 3. Color affects us both physically and psychologically a. Ex: “Green with envy” – green strikes an envious feeling because we associate it with that b. Blue – sad c. Orange – energy d. Red – warning, passion, anger, love,violence, etc. i. Ex: stop signs ii. Red has one of the larges ranges of feelings associatedwiththe word or color Color Wheel Colors of the visible spectrum organized ina circular pattern Primary Colors – yellow, red, blue; they just exist; they create Y the other colors YO YG Secondary Colors – orange, green, violet; mixing of two primary Colors O G Tertiary Colors – RO, YO, YG, BG, RV, BV; mixing of a primary and secondary color RO BG Pastel – made of pure pigments; have high intensity R B *If you mix all 3 primaries, you will get a neutral color (brown) even though in theory it should be black * If you mix the 3 primaries with light you will get a white light, RV BV this is true in theory and practice V 1. Color has properties a. Hue – means “color” i. Ex: “red hue” is interchangeable with“red color” ii. Only applies to colors of the visiblespectrum, all others outside of the spectrum are not colors/hues b. Value – relative darkness or lightness of a color i. High key values – use of light colors inan artwork’s majority (RO through Y through BG) ii. Low key value – use of dark colorsin an artwork’s majority (RO through V through BG) iii. REMEMBER, ITS DEPENDENT ON WHAT IS USED FOR THE MAJORITY OF THE WORK c. Intensity – purity and brillianceof the color,its vibrancy 2. Color has temperature a. Warm colors i. Yellow, orange, red b. Cool colors i. Green, blue, violet c. Base the classificationof warm vs. cool on what colors make up the majority of the work Palette A selection of colors for an artworkOR where you physically place the colors that you’re using Ex: Primary Palette – use of just primary colors Ex: Secondary palette – use of only secondary colors Color Schemes Color combinations, colors that match nicely witheach other (mostly used for fashion) Ex: fall colors, summer colors 1. Monochromatic a. Use of one single color b. Can utilize all shades, tints, tones, and values of the color plus any black, white, gray, or brown c. “Mono” = one; “chroma” = color d. Ex: All blue colors (any blackand white doesn’t count because they are neutrals) 2. Complimentary colors a. Colors that are across the color wheel from eachother b. Yellow and violet; yellow green and red violet c. One color is not taking awayfrom each other, they complement each other fully and seem to “vibrate” together d. Ex: sports logos (lakers = yellow and purple) e. Ex: holidays (Christmas = green and red) After image Occurs when the brain gets tiredof seeing a color for too long so the brainmakes up the complementary colors o If you stare at red, the mind generates the green complementary color o If you stare at yellow, the mind generates the violet complementary color o If you stare at blue, the mind generates the orange complementary color Optical Color Mixture A mixture of the colors physically does not happen; the artist places two colorsnext to each other o Close up, you see the individual colors o Farther away, you see a blend of the colors because the eye mixes it automatically Pointillism = the use of little dots/points of color placednext to each other but the colors blend when the artwork is viewedfrom farther away Texture/Space Texture – a tactile quality, it is palpable 1. Actual texture a. The one that you are able to touch; the objectis able to be touched i. Ex: tree bark – has a rough texture b. All 3D objects have an actual texture i. Ex: sculptures c. Juxtaposition i. Placing two opposites together ii. Ex: furry cup, plate,and spoon 1. It is soft and pleasurable to the touch, but absolutely absurd to put in your mouth and use d. There is an exception with2D artworks! i. Impasto technique – a heavy applicationof paint (ONLY IN PAINT) ii. The extra paint appliedto the canvas creates actual texture ina 2D format iii. Van Gogh is a famous painter that uses the impasto technique e. It is actual if you can touch it and remember 2. Visual texture a. Suggests a surface quality, the texture is not actually there b. It is implied texture, but you HAVE TO REFER TO IT AS VISUAL TEXTURE i. Ex: 2D art, paintings, prints c. Ex: Arnold Feeny portrait i. Smooth to the touch, but you are able to discernwhat type of materials the subjects are made of 1. Metal lamp, dog, carpet,wood floor, fur coat, etc. eachhave their own textures made by using various tools 2. Has high quality detail to show the texture without having actual texture 3. Vertical Placement a. Divides the picture plane in two b. Things at the bottom of the workare closer,things on top of the workare farther away c. There is not a big distance i. Size of the objects are more or less the same, makes sense when used with overlapping 4. Linear Perspective a. It’s a way to create a 3D logical space in a 2D surface b. 2 basic elements i. Horizon line ii. Vanishing point 1. Where all parallellines meet 2. Exclusively works with geometric shapes 3. If it has a vanishing point, it is linear perspective 4. Extremely mathematical (needs to worksystematically, methodically, consistently need to measure everything) 5. Mathematical diminishing size a. Need to use a ratio b. Has a vanishing point 6. Can guide your eye to the focal point 7. Cannot use linear perspective on organic shapes 8. Parallellines can frame scenes 9. Can have more than one vanishing point 5. Atmospheric Perspective a. Things in front are very detailed b. Things in back are blurry and change color