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JOUR 201 Week 4 Lecture Notes

by: Adrianna Robakowski

JOUR 201 Week 4 Lecture Notes JOUR 201

Adrianna Robakowski

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JOUR 201 Week 4 Lecture Notes with Professor Suro
Culture of Journalism: Past, Present and Future
Roberto Suro
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adrianna Robakowski on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JOUR 201 at University of Southern California taught by Roberto Suro in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Culture of Journalism: Past, Present and Future in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Southern California.

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Date Created: 09/16/16
JOUR 201 Lecture: 9/12/16    Looking back…to see what is ahead.    Individual Choices  ­ See   ­ Hear  ­ Produce/Disseminate  ­ Whose stories?  ­ How to tell them?    (Journalism can’t be done ​entirely alone)  ­ Though a lot of it is    “​Provide citizens with the information they need to be free and self­governing”  ­ Politics...but NOT just politics.  ­ The through line = one notion that runs all the way through a story    1st obligation is to the truth  1st loyalty is to citizens    ­ Consistent aspiration, many applications  ­ “Best obtainable version of the truth”  ­ “Conditional truth”  ­ “News and truth are not the same thing”  ­ Start with a notion of accuracy  ­ Foundation  ­ Interpretation based on a set of facts that are verifiable  ­ The tweet  ­ The interview  ­ The headline  ­ The next day feature story  ­ A process of verification more than an outcome  ­ Who decides what the truth is ???  ­ The truth can change and develop  ­ How did the journalist acquire info?  ­ How was it formed?  ­ How was it presented?  ­ The implied covenant ​(unspoken understanding) ​between journalist and  audience  ­ What is loyalty?  ­ Who are the citizens?  ­ For journalists: ​loyalty to audience is above loyalty to commercial,  political or personal interests  ­ For audience: ​I am not being scammed or manipulated or deliberately  misled    The PURPOSE as the THROUGH LINE  ­ An obligation to pursue the truth  ­ A loyalty to citizens  ­ Acting in the interest of a free and self governing society  ­ How do you follow the purpose of journalism?  ­ It depends…  ­ Journalism of Time and Place    NORMS  ­ Social and civic roles  ­ Standards of truthfulness, civic responsibility, etc.  FORMS  ­ Platforms  ­ Businesses  ­ Narrative      JOUR AS MEDIA  JOUR AS SOCIAL ACTOR  (forms)  (norms)  ­ Tech (printing press to telegraph)  ­ Purposes and philosophies  ­ Linear  ­ Contextual  ­ Epochal (big changes)  ­ Episodic (partisan v.  independent)...ebbs and  flows  ­ Business/government  ­ Journalist/audience  ­ Europe...government  ­ Difference in relationship  produces journalism and  (inform v. reaffirm)  has its own pipes  ­ DIfference in audience  (large v. small)  ­ Business models  ­ Affiliations and message  ­ Self employed to global  ­ Medium (print to online)    Timeline (forms)  ­ Early modern 1450­1830: the voice of the printer  ­ Manufacturing age 1830­1930: the power of the machines  ­ Broadcast age 1930­2005: the reach of the waves  ­ Information/Digital/Social (?) 2005…: The ????    Early Modern  ­ Manual production and distribution  ­ Government: advertising (government ads), contracts (print government  documents), postal service (government mechanism for distribution),  transportation  ­ Government creation of roads, information moved faster  ­ Individual printers/publishers  ­ Due to nature of the technology and product  Manufacturing Age  ­ Telegraphy was the magic moments  ­ News finally travelled faster than people  ­ Industrial printing (no longer muscle power)  ­ Government: grants and patents to launch, acceptance of oligopoly and  monopoly to expand  ­ Advertising, large firms  ­ Text and pictures were mass produced    Oligopoly = a condition in which a few sellers dominate the market  ­ Oligo = a few  ­ Polien = to sell  Monopoly = a condition in which a single seller dominates the market  ­ Monos = single  ­ Polien = to sell    Broadcast Age  ­ Electromagnetic waves and home appliances  ­ Government: labs and vehicles to launch patents and licensing to favor  expansion by oligopoly  ­ Europe = government c ​ reating ​the media  ­ US = private media oligopoly  ­ Public service vs. propaganda  ­ US broadcast as a public good  ­ Distinguishing US from communist eastern europe  ­ Advertising, entertainment, national firms    NOW  ­ Digital transmission by multiple channels to multiple devices  ­ Government: labs and vehicles to launch oligopolies and startups  ­ Satellites  ­ Internet created in the Department of Defense as a way of preserving  information  ­ Search and social  ­ Global, instantaneous, infinite and interactive (no physical limits such as a page  end or the end of a broadcast)    Role of Journalism as a Social Actor  ­ Political Press: party support, partisan, patriotism  ­ Popular Press: mass appeal, sensationalism, entertainment, click bait  ­ Professional Press: standards, objectivity, independence (verification process)  ­ Oppositional Press: representing the underrepresented and the outsiders,  adversarial stance to institutions (Frederick Douglass North Star, black press  during the Civil Rights era, ethnic press)    CATEGORIES ARE NOT MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE  ­ Can coexist in the same time and place (even in the same publication)  ­ Distribution varies  ­ Niches PROLIFERATE    Journalistic roles are CONTEXTUAL and EPISODIC 


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