JOUR 201 Week 4 Lecture Notes
JOUR 201 Week 4 Lecture Notes JOUR 201
Popular in Culture of Journalism: Past, Present and Future
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Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adrianna Robakowski on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JOUR 201 at University of Southern California taught by Roberto Suro in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Culture of Journalism: Past, Present and Future in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
JOUR 201 Lecture: 9/12/16 Looking back…to see what is ahead. Individual Choices See Hear Produce/Disseminate Whose stories? How to tell them? (Journalism can’t be done entirely alone) Though a lot of it is “Provide citizens with the information they need to be free and selfgoverning” Politics...but NOT just politics. The through line = one notion that runs all the way through a story 1st obligation is to the truth 1st loyalty is to citizens Consistent aspiration, many applications “Best obtainable version of the truth” “Conditional truth” “News and truth are not the same thing” Start with a notion of accuracy Foundation Interpretation based on a set of facts that are verifiable The tweet The interview The headline The next day feature story A process of verification more than an outcome Who decides what the truth is ??? The truth can change and develop How did the journalist acquire info? How was it formed? How was it presented? The implied covenant (unspoken understanding) between journalist and audience What is loyalty? Who are the citizens? For journalists: loyalty to audience is above loyalty to commercial, political or personal interests For audience: I am not being scammed or manipulated or deliberately misled The PURPOSE as the THROUGH LINE An obligation to pursue the truth A loyalty to citizens Acting in the interest of a free and self governing society How do you follow the purpose of journalism? It depends… Journalism of Time and Place NORMS Social and civic roles Standards of truthfulness, civic responsibility, etc. FORMS Platforms Businesses Narrative JOUR AS MEDIA JOUR AS SOCIAL ACTOR (forms) (norms) Tech (printing press to telegraph) Purposes and philosophies Linear Contextual Epochal (big changes) Episodic (partisan v. independent)...ebbs and flows Business/government Journalist/audience Europe...government Difference in relationship produces journalism and (inform v. reaffirm) has its own pipes DIfference in audience (large v. small) Business models Affiliations and message Self employed to global Medium (print to online) Timeline (forms) Early modern 14501830: the voice of the printer Manufacturing age 18301930: the power of the machines Broadcast age 19302005: the reach of the waves Information/Digital/Social (?) 2005…: The ???? Early Modern Manual production and distribution Government: advertising (government ads), contracts (print government documents), postal service (government mechanism for distribution), transportation Government creation of roads, information moved faster Individual printers/publishers Due to nature of the technology and product Manufacturing Age Telegraphy was the magic moments News finally travelled faster than people Industrial printing (no longer muscle power) Government: grants and patents to launch, acceptance of oligopoly and monopoly to expand Advertising, large firms Text and pictures were mass produced Oligopoly = a condition in which a few sellers dominate the market Oligo = a few Polien = to sell Monopoly = a condition in which a single seller dominates the market Monos = single Polien = to sell Broadcast Age Electromagnetic waves and home appliances Government: labs and vehicles to launch patents and licensing to favor expansion by oligopoly Europe = government c reating the media US = private media oligopoly Public service vs. propaganda US broadcast as a public good Distinguishing US from communist eastern europe Advertising, entertainment, national firms NOW Digital transmission by multiple channels to multiple devices Government: labs and vehicles to launch oligopolies and startups Satellites Internet created in the Department of Defense as a way of preserving information Search and social Global, instantaneous, infinite and interactive (no physical limits such as a page end or the end of a broadcast) Role of Journalism as a Social Actor Political Press: party support, partisan, patriotism Popular Press: mass appeal, sensationalism, entertainment, click bait Professional Press: standards, objectivity, independence (verification process) Oppositional Press: representing the underrepresented and the outsiders, adversarial stance to institutions (Frederick Douglass North Star, black press during the Civil Rights era, ethnic press) CATEGORIES ARE NOT MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE Can coexist in the same time and place (even in the same publication) Distribution varies Niches PROLIFERATE Journalistic roles are CONTEXTUAL and EPISODIC
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