New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Anthropology 120

by: Katie Blackmer

Anthropology 120 ANTH 120 001

Katie Blackmer
GPA 3.71

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover lesson 5 of what we discussed in class during week 3.
Unearthng Past:Prehistory, Culture Evolution
Nawa Sugiyama
Class Notes
anth120, anthropology120, unearthingthepast
25 ?




Popular in Unearthng Past:Prehistory, Culture Evolution

Popular in Anthropology

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Blackmer on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 120 001 at George Mason University taught by Nawa Sugiyama in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Unearthng Past:Prehistory, Culture Evolution in Anthropology at George Mason University.

Similar to ANTH 120 001 at Mason

Popular in Anthropology


Reviews for Anthropology 120


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/16
9/17/16 3:32 AM Lesson 5: first visit to an archaeological site Motel of mysteries • Parallels in real archaeology • King Tut’s tomb- Howard Carter How do you dig it? • excavation • Systematic uncovering of artifacts of features • Types o Vertical o Horizontal Sampling Strategy • Simple random • Systematic • Targeted • Stratified Random • Digging natural levels • Excavate natural strata regardless of depth • Advantage: correspondence of artifacts with occupation/formation • Drawback: difficult if strata are poorly defined Digging arbitrary levels • Standardized depth • Advantage: easier where strata not clear • Drawback: lower correspondence with occupation Combination strategy: • Excavate arbitrary levels within natural layers when divisions unclear Horizontal Excavations • Opening large areas of particular layer • Reveals spatial association between artifacts and features Grid-square method • Squares may be separated by balks to preserve a record of the stratigraphy Screening: • Sifting through soil/mesh to obtain artifacts and ecofacts, learn how to distinguish between types • Dry screening • Wet screening- most common Vertical excavations • Excavated to expose strata • Site formation and chronology • Key goal- changes through time o Pretty high profiles Archaeology is a destructive science • Once excavation is done therefore we must be careful and choose methods where we sample, and document everything • Excavate as little as possible unless it faces destruction to a leave a portion for future archaeologists, only what you need • Example: Sun pyramid o Archaeologists used to bomb the area, and built a railroad into the site in Mexico city, a lot of soil needed to be moved for tourists damaging a lot of the excavated area Documenting a site • Includes photographs, and forms • Photographs now include drones, with technology comes better ways to document Piece plotting Understanding how artifacts were placed in locations Record burials are so useful because you can understand different materials are intrusive Profile illustrations • Use line and line level to schematically depict vertical strata • Extremely important • Attention to sandy, clay. To profile soil • You also learn how to draw some materials you are looking at • Make sure to have a scale in every artifact Interpretative reconstruction, 3D models • Reconstruct sites to see how it once was • 3d scanning and photogrammetry • • Excavation strategies • Determined by what’s done already by surface>testing>extensive • How accessible are cultural remains? How deep was the last occupation are their multiple components? • Research questions- why you dig, scaling, are dependent on what you want from your question, if you don/t have a question then its destructive, what do you want to say bout the society in question? 9/17/16 3:32 AM 9/17/16 3:32 AM


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.