Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes CRMJ 303
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luppino70 on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ 303 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Jason Spraitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Crime Prevention in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
Ch. 1 Theory Tuesday, September 6, 2016 10:53 AM Uniform Crime Reports (UCR): Criminal offenses known to the police and are used in measuring crime. Part 1: Crimes listed in the UCR, Murder, Rape Robbery, Assault, Burglary, Larceny, Auto Theft, and Arson. Part 2: Not included in the computations and reported crime rates (Fraud, Kidnapping, and drug offenses) Problems include that the UCR is not a true measurement of the crime rate due to people not reporting a crime or an officer not making an arrest or writing it up. Or police stations may show more crime to show a crackdown or less crime to show deterrence working. Only Part 1 offenses are reported. Victimization surveys: sending out surveys to find out the crime level in society, mailing to civilians. The National Crime Victimization Survey is the best known one, a panel survey that picks people all over the country and askes' them over a period of time. This survey finds the crime rate to be higher than what comes from the UCR. Every way crime is measured has its benefits and downfalls There are different ways people are hurt by crime. It can be physical, emotional, mental, even financial. Though only the financial and physical injuries are recorded. The fear of crime is also something that is thought of in policy making but what is the "fear of crime?" How is this term conceptualized? There are many questions that can attempt to gauge this, and the fear of crime is always higher than the actual crime rate and no correlation across demographics. A goal of crime prevention is to reduce fear. Vicarious Victimization: knowing someone or hearing of a crime that was committed against them and having sympathy for the individual and/or empathetic fear of crime. This can lead to many laws and regulations being passed quickly and this comes from fear and mostly from a national news story or stories in a short time together of a crime. This can lead to many bad laws or overly harsh laws. Incivility: The decrease of order and the community in general from physical and social elements Functional Fear: this is fear being used as a motivator for people to be more cautious and hopefully prevent a crime. Fearing Subject: Someone who gets responsible for themselves and their property. Being cautious to reduce the fear of crime. Crime can be prevented to a point because there will always be those who break the law. There can be target hardening (taking better care of your stuff, meaning harder access for others). Focus on hot spots, better educate at a younger age. Sentencing guidelines, criminal sanctions, etc. Policy Research
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