New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to the Horse: Week 3

by: Hannah Malcomson

Intro to the Horse: Week 3 ASCI097

Marketplace > University of Vermont > Animal Science > ASCI097 > Intro to the Horse Week 3
Hannah Malcomson

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover Week 3's material. I will be uploading a study guide for the first exam (Spet. 21) tomorrow.
Intro to the Horse
Dr. Jennifer Wilkinson
Class Notes
horse history
25 ?




Popular in Intro to the Horse

Popular in Animal Science

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Malcomson on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASCI097 at University of Vermont taught by Dr. Jennifer Wilkinson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to the Horse in Animal Science at University of Vermont.


Reviews for Intro to the Horse: Week 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/16
ASCI097: Intro to the Horse Week 3 Notes Travel: th  Horses= #1 form of travel until the 19 century o Steam engine- 1797  First railroads- 1830’s o Telegraph- 1830’s Transportation and communication  Pony Express  Persian Empire’s Royal Road o 500 BC o Mounted couriers delivered commands from capital (Persopolis) o 1700 mi road  The road took 90 days to travel on foot  7 days on horseback o Herodotus  “Nothing in the world travels faster than Persian couriers” Which inventions led to the decline of horses? 1830’s onward:  Telegraphs  Railroads  Radio  Telephones  Television  Internet Transport:  Riding o Bareback- 3000 BC o Pads with girths 700 BC o Saddle 100 BC o Stirrups 100 AD o Notable riders:  Cavalry  Phillip of Macedon  Alexander the Great  Native Americans  Sioux  Comanche  Wagon o Eastern Europe  3500 BC- Ceramic pot was discovered bearing images of horses pulling wagons  3150 BC- Ljubljana Marches Wheel was discovered, providing the first concrete evidence that wagons were being used  3000 BC- wagons in Mesopotamia  2500 BC- War Wagons o Chariots  2000 BC- 100 AD  2 spoked wheels  floor with side and front guards  2 or more horses pulled each chariot  2 passengers- one to shoot, one to steer  Uses  Military transport/ archery platform  Hunting  Racing  Travel  Stagecoach o England mid- 1600’s o Covered wagons with 4 wheels o 2, 4, or 6 horses pulled each stagecoach o Transported goods and passengers o Spring suspension o Public conveyance  Established route and schedule  Fresh horses at every station  Stations were referred to as ‘stages’- hence ‘stagecoach’ o Could go 5- 8 mph  60-70 miles a day  Horse and Buggy th th o Late 18  20 century o Light, simple, 2 people could ride together, 1-2 horses o 2-4 wheels o Folding top o Uses  Short distance transportation  Less riding- smaller skill set o As a result of the popularity of this mode of transportation, cities began to establish, pave, and maintain roads  Automobiles o 1910’s  More cars than buggies o 1930’s  Great Depression  High gas prices  People began to hitch horses to the front of cars that had no gas Horses in Work Agricultural work- starting around 3000 BC  Ploughing  Hauling  Oxen and donkeys were originally used o Horses were smaller at the time, were more expensive to buy and maintain o People began to breed for increasing size, draft horses developed Draft Horses  Docile temperament  Very strong  Patient  Most common US breeds- o Belgium o Clydesdale o Percheron o Shire o Suffolk Decline of horses in Agriculture  Tractors: o Traction engine (steam powered)- 1859 o Gasoline powered- 1892 o 1920’s  Few large farms had tractors o 1930’s  Great Depression  Number of tractors decreased o 1940’s  Tractor sales increased  10 million horses were sold o Return of work horses: 1970’s – today  Horses are eco-friendly  Use of horses and mules in agriculture has been increasing  400,000 North American farms use draft horses Horses in War “History was written on the back of a horse”  Good qualities for battle: o Strength o Speed o Size o Willingness  Eurasia 3000 BC o First use of horses I nwarfare  Types of horses used: o Dependent on role  Horses can carry 30% of their body weight  Horses can pull up to 8 times of their body weight o Light- weight Horses (800-1000 lbs, 12-15 hands)  Uses: Chariot, raiding, light cavalry  Qualities: speed, agility, endurance  Riders carried:  Bows, spears, javelins, rifles o Medium- weight (1000-1200 lbs, 14.2-16 hands)  Uses: pulling wagons and artillery, carrying heavily armored riders  Qualities: agile, strong, large. Lacked speed and endurance  Called destriers (knight’s armored horses) o Heavy-weight (1500-2000 lbs, 16.2 hands+)  Uses: pull weapons and supply wagons  Qualities: Good disposition, very strong, docile o Ponies  1813- British army used 400 ponies  1899- Lovat’s Scouts used Highland ponies  1935- British Army  WWII- British Army o Donkeys  Pack animals o Mules  Pack animals  Pulling carts/ wagons  Riding  Qualities: Better at strenuous tasks, less cooperative than horses under gunfire, were not generally used in battle  Saddles and stirrups allowed riders to carry weapons and wear armor, as their balance was greatly improved Cavalry-  Light Cavalry- Assyrians, Greeks, Phillip of Macedon, Japanese Samurai, Huns, Mongols o Light weapons, very fast  Heavy Cavalry- Persians, Alexander the Great o Armored horses and riders  Jousting- 11 Century o Training for battle, sport, entertainment Gunpowder  17 century o led to the fall of the Incan and Aztec empires  Horses pulled cannons, armored knights no longer needed  Instead of armored horses, infantry rode larger, heavier horses o Lancers rode light horses and were used for sudden assaults and flanking o Hussars rode light hoses for scouting, raiding, and sudden assaults Shrapnel and Automatic Weapons  19 century o Typical war horse was bought at 5 years old, used for 10-12 years  Horses no longer as valuable in battle o Used for pulling artillery, troop movements (transport), and specialized cavalry American Revolution  Infantry was very important, cavalry not used very much American Civil War  Cavalry was modified to reflect Native American techniques o Horses used for pulling weapons, transport of troops, and on battlefield World War I  Trench Warfare, Barbed Wire, machine guns, tanks made horses not as useful on the battlefield o Still used as pack animals Modern Uses  Active military  Law enforcement  Sport  Afganistan o Operation Enduring Freedom o First American troops to ride horses into battle since 1942 Types of riding  Dressage o Traced to Xenophon, Greek cavalry officer  Eventing o 3-phase competition  Mounted shooting  Tent pegging Creation of modern Breeds  Bred for specific traits: Combo of the following o Maneuverability o Speed o Gentleness o Strength  Over 300 breeds today


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.