SOC 310 week 1
SOC 310 week 1 SOC 310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Chandler on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 310 at Brigham Young University taught by Knapp, Stanley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Social Inquiry in Sociology at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
SOC 310 notes through September 16 th Ontology: The study of what is. Being. Epistomology: What counts as knowledge? How do you know? Evaluation of Trigg Plato reading Plato was concerned about relativism. If you leave everybody to do what they think is right, disasters may occur. o Hitler though he was right… Skepticism: prove to me or show me that your way is right o Socrates failed at this and was accused of corrupting and was burned Sophists. This is all hugely problematic for Plato! It leads to a life of struggle between powers. We must remove those contentions. Pre-modern Form Atemporal Transcendent/metaphysical Immaterial Modern No possibility of transcendent, but must all be physis (matter), nomos (cultural), temporal, substantial. People don’t just act out of self-interest. They do it out of the belief that their way is correct. How will you adjudicate cultural difference? Gain access to knowledge of what really is-it will be atemporal, fixed, unchanging. Atemporal is more than temporal: real knowledge is grounded in the atemporal and that which does not change. Reason needs to govern all things-it is reason that gains access to the forms and transcendent and atemporal Platonic view of God-he wouldn’t have a body, passions, etc. because that would move him to the material and substance category. Human civilization is good at getting people to do what they normally wouldn’t do. Determined event Pushed into Necessity o Example: blinking Uncontrollable Materialistic causality Less meaning Action Choice Possibility o Example: winking Controllable Meaning Individualistic Thomas Hobbes: humans are atomistic Atomism is ontological o It is what it is independent of anything outside of it. Context: culture, power, etc. Rational Think through it: reflexivity Instrumental: managing time Value: “Do what is right, let the consequence follow” Nonrational Habitual/routine Affective
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