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PSY 343 Chapter 2 Notes

by: Tatum Notetaker

PSY 343 Chapter 2 Notes PSY 343

Marketplace > DePaul University > Psychology > PSY 343 > PSY 343 Chapter 2 Notes
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About this Document

These cover the different sources of information about tests and where we can get that information
Intro to Psychological Measurement
Douglas Cellar
Class Notes
Tests, Psychology, measurements
25 ?




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatum Notetaker on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 343 at DePaul University taught by Douglas Cellar in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychological Measurement in Psychology at DePaul University.

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Date Created: 09/17/16
Notes Ch. 2  Two Common Problems Requiring Information About Tests o One of the common practical problems is finding info about a particular test o Two contexts of this problem:  One hears about a test, knows little about it, and needs info about its characteristics  One needs to determine what tests might be available to serve a particular purpose  A Test’s Introductory Kit o You found a test, so now you want to examine it and its manuals o Initial inspection is usually based on an introductory kit or specimen set  Each kit contains a copy of the basic materials for the test o 9 major sources of info about a test  comprehensive lists of tests  systematic reviews of published tests  electronic listings  special-purpose collections  books about single tests  textbooks on testing  professional journals  publisher’s catalogs  other users of tests  Comprehensive Lists of Tests o 3 comprehensive lists of tests o Lists do not evaluate the quality of the test o List 1: Tests in Print VII aka TIP  Attempts to list all tests that are commercially published in English o List 2: Tests: A Comprehensive Reference for Assessments in Psychology, Education and Business aka Tests  Includes only measures that are published and in English o List 3: Directory of Unpublished Experimental Mental Measures  Focuses on unpublished measures  Systematic Reviews o Contain judgments about the measurement qualities of the tests  Includes reliability, validity, norms, and test development procedures o Contain expanded descriptions of their purposes and materials o Mental Measurements Yearbook aka Buros or Buros’s MMY  Most well known o Second source is Test Critiques  The most recent volume is XI  The reviews are much the same in scope and character as those in MMY  Does not cover as many tests as MMY  Electronic Listings 2 o Four major electronic sources of info about tests o ETS Test Collection on the Web  The Educational Testing Service has maintained an inventory of tests  Called ETS Test Collection or ETS Test Link  Database can be searched by test title, author, commonly used initials (acronyms) or key word descriptor  Provide basic descriptive info about a test o Buros Review Available Electronically  Either academic libraries subscribe to a product offered by EBSCOhost  the Buros Center for Testing allows for electronic availability for a fee o Health and Psychological Instruments (HaPI)  A database of descriptions for over 15,000 tests, rating scales, questionnaires, and so on o PsycTESTS  Product of the American Psychological Association  Database containing info about tests and, in some instances, actual tests  Concentrates on unpublished tests  Special-Purpose Collections o Provide info about tests in a narrow range of topics o Provide basic descriptive info o Include both published and unpublished instruments 3 o New special-purpose collections are appearing all the time  Books about Single Tests o A few tests are so widely used that they have entire books dedicated to them o These books contain present day case studies based on the tests, describe test score profiles for certain types of cases, or explore special ways of scoring the test o Rich source of info for people who use these tests extensively  Textbooks on Testing o Textbooks aid in teaching fundamental concepts about testing (reliability, validity, etc) o Illustrate the types of tests available in various domains o Include critical commentary about the tests are used as examples  Journals o Some journals frequently include articles featuring particular tests or treating the technical aspects of testing o Articles contain info about technical characteristics such as reliability and item analysis o Sometimes contain test reviews o Also contain articles about technical qualities of specific tests, especially when used with a particular population  Publisher’s Catalogs and Personnel o Key source of info about certain aspects of a test 4 o Available upon request from the publisher and is almost always available online o Info about current cost of the test, the variety of answer sheets and scoring services available, most recent edition of the test, and other practical matters  Other Users o Other people who have used the test may be helpful sources of info o May have info about peculiar features of a test  Strengths and Shortcomings of the Sources o Comprehensive listings  Most effective for casting a broad net to see what tests might be available for a particular purpose or to provide initial info about a test  Do not provide any critical evaluation about the quality of a test o Systematic Reviews  Excellent source for critical evaluations of tests  Not available for many tests  The nature of the reviewing process is such that reviews are often not available for the most recent version of tests  Reviews are simply opinion, so it is not the final word about the test’s value o Electronic Listings  Enormous improvement in the accessibility of info about tests 5  Limitation is that sometimes they only basic descriptive info and that entries can be quite dated o Special-purpose collection  Useful for covering the tests available in a certain area  However, they are not ordinarily updated on a regular basis o Books  Often contain interesting case studies, research beyond what is in the test manual, and an extended rationale for test interpretation  Limitations: available for only a small number of tests, tend to be written by persons who have a very positive feeling about the test o Textbooks  One can get some idea of what tests might be widely used for a particular purpose  A test may be included in a textbook because the test illustrates a particular approach to test construction, not because it is necessarily the best test  Textbooks have a habit of including tests that are seriously out of date o Journals  Very important sources of info for the latest research about tests  Concentrate more on developments in testing methodology than on tests themselves 6  In journals, the topic most frequently is some special use of the test rather than the most typical use o Publisher’s catalogs  Best source of info about practical matters such as the cost of the test, the array of materials available for it, scoring services, and so on  Not a useful source of info about the quality of a test o Other users  Not up to date about the latest developments in the field  Test usage may be determined more by inertia than by critical judgment and contemporary knowledge o Combine all these sources with his or her own expertise in making a judgment about the suitability of a particular test for a particular purpose 7


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