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Posi 2310, Week 5 Notes

by: Heydi Garcia

Posi 2310, Week 5 Notes Posi 2310

Marketplace > Texas State University > Government > Posi 2310 > Posi 2310 Week 5 Notes
Heydi Garcia
Texas State
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About this Document

The notes from the first lecture meeting after the first exam. (9/29/2016)
Principles of American Government
Sherri Mora
Class Notes
political science, American Government, legislative branch, Policy, making, institutions




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heydi Garcia on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Posi 2310 at Texas State University taught by Sherri Mora in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Government at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 09/17/16
Notes from: 9/29/2016 Policy Making Institutions: Legislative Branch Legislature – enacts laws Congress is a bicameral legislature It has both the House of Representatives & Senate Reasons for bicameral: Representation conflicts House of Representatives – proportionate to population Senate – 2 for every state resulting in equal representation They have 2 Congressional Sessions. House of Representatives 435 members & there cannot be more than that  Number is fixed by congress  Proportionate to population Every 10 years the house is reapportioned according to census  this means the number of representatives can change for each state Members Members are elected every 2 years Incumbents – members who hold the seat in the house 95% of all members are re-elected  The #1 reason they get re-elected is they have a name advantage meaning the voters know the incumbent or recognize their name on the ballot.  Reason #2 is that the constituents (people they represent) can get information from them through the mail which is free for incumbents. This is called franking.  Reason #3 is people don’t hear about third party or other candidates running for representative because the Media doesn’t report it. And the media is where most people get their information. Members don’t have a term limit. Meaning they can run however many times they want. Congressional District – lines drawn by state legislature  Redistricting is required every 10 years but can be redrawn frequently  Gerrymandering – manipulating the lines of district to make odd shaped districts Notes from: 9/29/2016  Gerrymandering becomes illegal when impacts racial matters  De facto segregation – separation by selection  De jure segregation – segregation by law Powers of the House  Originate Tax Bills  Bring Impeachment Charges but do not try them Leadership  Speaker  The party of the speaker is determined by the majority of the house because the speaker is elected (voted in) by the house members  His salary is $223,500  His Roles include:  Assign bills to committee  Assign members to committee  Schedule votes on bills  Responsible for driving legislative agenda  Majority Leader  Assistant to Speaker  Drafts legislative Agenda  Majority Whip  Keeps members on agenda (basically keeps them in line)  Minority Leader  Negotiating with majority party  Leading debate for minority  Minority Whip  Keeps minority members in line  Their salary is from $174,000 to $193,400 Senate Members  100 members – every state has 2 senators  Elections occur every two years for only 1/3 of the senate  Every senator is classified as 1,2, or 3  They serve 6 year terms  Their constituencies are the States Powers  They advise the president on treaties Notes from: 9/29/2016  2/3 must vote to ratify a treaty in order for it to become law  Confirm appointments the President makes to Supreme Court  They try the impeachment charges the House of Representatives brings Leadership  President  Vice president of the US is the president of the senate.  He has no real power only to be a tie breaker  Gets paid $230,700  President Pro Tempore  Has no real power  If president dies and VP dies and Speaker dies, then HE can be president  Majority Leader  Same responsibilities of speaker of the house  Assign bills to committee  Assign members to committee  Schedule votes on bills  Responsible for driving legislative agenda  Majority Whip  Keeps majority party on agenda  Minority Leader  Same as house  Minority Whip  Same as house Congress Today  Demographics of congress today show that they are inconsistent with the population.


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