Chapter 1 Class Notes: 8/25/16-8/26/16
Chapter 1 Class Notes: 8/25/16-8/26/16 POL 1133
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Sada on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 1133 at University of Texas at San Antonio taught by Badih Elarba in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Texas Politics and Society in Political Science at University of Texas at San Antonio.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
▯ POL 1133-010 | T exas Politics and Society ▯ Professor: Badih Elarbah ▯ Chapter 1 Class Notes: 8/25/16-8/26/16 ▯ ▯ Highlight = Important Principle ▯ Highlight = Key Term ▯ ▯ ▯ [Chapter 1] [Introduction to Texas History and Politics] ▯ ▯ [The environment of Texas Politics] Texas o What does being a Texan mean to you? ▯ ▯ [Introduction] Texas is many things to many people For many, it’s a land of great opportunity, for others not so much… Diversity is a hallmark of our history ▯ ▯ [Six Flags of Texas (History) Spain, France, Mexico, Texas, U.S., Confederacy ▯ ▯ [Geography] 2nd largest state in the U.S (267,339 sq. miles) State spans 773 miles East to west and 801 miles North to South Bounded by New Mexico (West, Oklahoma (North), Alabama and Louisiana ▯ ▯ [The Landscape] Texas Economic Regions: o Texas Plains o The border o Central Corridor o Metroplex o East Texas o The Gulf Coast ▯ ▯ [Population] 27,469,114 people in 2016 (Wall Street Journal) 27% increase from the 2000 census total 85% Urban, 15% Rural Today ▯ ▯ [Demographics] 5 fastest growing state in the nation In 2004, Texas has become a “majority- minority” state Today: Anglos 44.5%, Hispanics 38.2%, African-Americans 12.3%, and Asians 4.2% Latinos are expected to have a plurality ▯ ▯ [Diversity] Texas has a large, ethnically diverse population Like the population of the nation, Texas population is getting older Estimates show the population older than 64 will exceed 5 million (2030) Today, about 16% of Texans are foreign ▯ ▯ [Future Growth] Texas Growth o Internal immigration, international immigration, and natural growth o 4 of the largest 15 cities in the country (Houston #4, San Antonio #6, Dallas #9 and Austin #13) o TX government will face major issues as the state continues to grow ▯ ▯ [Social and Economic Issues] Immigration o Balancing demands for border security Water: o Texas population expected to double by 2060 Environmental Protection: o Leads nation in waste generated, and toxic chemical emissions in to air and water Education and Economic Development: o 1 of every 3 Texans cannot read and write well enough to fill out a simple job application ▯ ▯ [Poverty] Poverty and Social Problems o Texans have a high poverty rate (18.5%) o # of homeless between 100-200 thousand o 1 of the highest % of uninsured residents o Limited services and Public assistance for the poor ▯ ▯ [Education] Compared to other 50 states…. th o 44 in high school graduation rate o 47 in average SAT scores o 50 in % of population with a high school diploma o 43 in spending per student Severe budge cuts in 2011 ▯ ▯ [Religion] Texas is home to a range of many religious traditions 88% of Texans affiliate with a religious tradition Evangelical Protestants (34%), Roman Catholics (24%), and Mainline Protestants (15%) Religion is an important feature of Texas Plitics ▯ ▯ [Texas Economy History] Cattle o Leads nation in cattle Production Cotton o Leads country in exported cotton Timber o Based in East TX and nation’s 10 largest producer Oil and Gas ▯ Accounts for over 30% of total U.S. Oil Production ▯ ▯ [The Economy] Produces about $1.25 trillion dollars in gross state product Leads the nation in exports; o Mexico (36%) o Canada o South America Service Industries employ 76% of private sector workforce ▯ ▯ [New Economic Direction:] Developing an educational infrastructure st Meet demands of an evolving, 21 century economy Requires educated (not merely skilled) employees Low taxes to promote a pro-business ▯ ▯ Tech Jobs in Texas ▯ ▯ Texas is the 11 largest economy in the World ▯ ▯ [New Economic Direction] Energy o 3 of the 4 largest corporation in Texas (Exxon Mobile, Conoco Phillips, and Valero) o Emphasis on wind energy High Technology Research, development, manufacturing, etc… Employ about 6% of the Texas labor force ▯ Services o Most jobs Pay lower wages and salaries ▯ Human Price of Oil Agriculture o $22 billion annually (22 ndlargest industry in Texas) o Recent 2011 drought devas ting to economy (7.62 billion in loses) Trade o NAFTA eliminated tariffs by 2008 with Mexico and Canada o 60% of U.S. exports transported in Texas ▯ ▯ [Texas Politics] Democratic party dominated the state (1876-1978) Fully transitioned to Republican party by 2002 o No real threat of losing Power so far o Conservatism has always ruled Texas Politics But… There are likely more democrats than republicans in the state o Why aren’t elections more created? Democratic Votes = Voter turnout ▯ ▯ [Texas Political Culture] Politics is influenced by Political Culture Commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about role of government Culture has translated into political conservation Individualism and traditionalism have dominated o No significant changes in political cultural from beginning to today! ▯ ▯ [Individualism] Stable society, but intervene as lit as possible o Limited government with restricted powers o Participation not obligatory in politics th Important source comes from 19 century frontier experience o 1995 legalization of concealed handguns o Open-carry started Jan. 1 , 2016 st ▯ ▯ [Traditionalism] Maintenance of the existing political order Public has limited power and influence o Most policies benefiting ruling elite Favorable to business o Right to work laws o Eminent domain ▯ ▯ [Tradition of change?] Many people will continue to go to Texas to build new lives People have come to Texas seeking opportunity Changes have not always been welcome by Texans Conflict in the future? ▯ ▯ ▯