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Kenneth Wayne Abbott
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by linhami_htdl Notetaker on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1336 at University of Houston taught by Kenneth Wayne Abbott in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see 1336 in Political Science at University of Houston.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
America over time is becoming larger, more diverse, older Demographic in terms of race, education, is going to vary state by state The Constitution  Articles of Confederation is very much an inspiration for the constitution  French and Indian War- when the war is over, the colonists felt that now they have a chance to move west ward and expand. Great Britain said they were not moving and started impose taxes  Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre during the American Revolution Articles of Confederation  When created, 13 colonies united  Create a govt here in America that is very much a  The unitary system typically has a strong national govt  Weak national govt, strong state govt  3 branches of govt: legislative (congress), executive (president), judicial(courts)  The judicial branch was essentially non existent.  Legal issues were up the to state court  Either the executive branch did not exist or was very weak  President back in the day was week in power, serve only 1-year term, not 4-year term like today.  John Hanson - First president of America. First of the articles to serve a 1-year term. - George Washington was the very first president of America (constitution not articles). George himself acknowledged John Hanson was the 1 President  We have a very weak executive branch, probably non existent  Congress has no official power to tax, this puts congress in a very weak position, if they want to raise revenue, they have to  Congress under Articles  Quorum – the minimum number of people that you need present to conduct official business. Business = voting on legislation/ make changes on the constitution  It would be unfair if only a few people show up and pass bunch of laws  You have to have representative from 9 out of 13 states to conduct official  Under the Articles - The US congress rarely made quorum, very rarely do they ever come together to pass legislation, little business was accomplished - Federal currency: not many people use, fluctuating. - States were imposing their own tariffs. 13 separate countries are semi unified  The fabric of our country is starting to fall apart, on top of that  At the time, 90% of the Us economy was based on agriculture  The average American about worrying about surviving and putting food on the table  Social elites worry about the issues that impact the country as a whole  At first, the articles was a great idea, but as they put it in to practice, it was not everything we thought it would be.  Shays Rebellion - in Massachusetts, there are new laws pass that are more or less, all debts must be paid immediately. - Daniel Shays leads about 6000 armed man to the state capital to prevent banks from.. - The US congress at this time does something quiet rare, raised about $450,000 to call up a national militia to put down the Shays Rebellion - Not the national militia, but it was instead the private militia that put down the Shays Rebellion - There was not a national militia that ended this rebellion - This event just reinforced the union to adopt a new constitution with a stronger gov’t - Shays Rebellion was not the reason of the Constitution today - Founding fathers don’t want a very strong national gov’t or a very weak national govt. They want something in the middle => state strong, national also strong.  When they were discussing the make up of the Us congress, three plans proposed: 1. Virginia Plan - Its key element was that representation in congress should be based on how large a state is - The larger the state, the more reps in congress they get - Small states hate this plan - Favors large states in terms of population 2. New Jersey Plan - Its key element was that each state would get equal representation in congress - No matter how large or how small the population, they would get the same number of reps in congress - Favors small states in terms of population 3. Great Compromise - Creates a bicameral (2 chambers) that are the US Senate (upper house) and the US house (lower house) - 49 out of 50 are bicameral - In theory a unicameral passes legislature faster and more responsive to the voters than bicameral.  Downside: less regulations, less taxation.  If you live a purple state that is unicameral, election by election, you might see one party come to power then another election, another party takes over. => changes in laws this cause confusion - Bicameral – every bill has to go thru senate and house then to the President, rarely going to agree. This slows down the legislature process => less bills are passed. - Upper house- The senate is based on equal representation for every single state, every state gets two reps - Lower house- Reps based on population. Every state is guaranteed a rep, but bigger state gets more - Theoretically, your state has 10% of US population so that makes 10% of the 400+ votes in house of reps - House of rep changes every 10 years - Key to the Great Compromise is that every single piece of legislation has to go to both the senate and house before it comes law - Both house and senate has a say in every single piece of legislation that is passed. However, I would argue that the great compromise is a better deal for the small states - Senate has more power than the house - You need 270 electoral votes to become President, if the candidates don’t get that, then the house decides - The house technically has the power to start the bills to spend money. These bills in theory are supposed to start in the house. But what really happens is that the house will create a shell bill and pass it to the senate so the


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