ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 3
ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 3 ANT 304
Popular in Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sena Sarikaya on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist in Anthropology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
Class Lecture Week 3 09/07 Cultural Context everyone lives in a cultural context labels associated with items ex. bonnets for the Sioux & burgers and friends for the middle class Americans stereotypes complex adap. society, environment, etc. erroneous imposed unknowingly “that’s what they should look like” photographers made them pose sometimes human culture is unique translated from gen. to gen. through formal education, religion, day to day interactions how to adapt to environment human beings ONLY animals to use cultural means as the primary adaptation ex. clothes for cold, homes for shelter subdivide pol., soc., religion, tech. blend and interaction anthropology tries to define but nothing is inclusive enough all of beliefs art, law, custom perishable philosophy, etc. tangible remains affected by intangible items ex. things related to econ./rel. patterned reflection of cult. that produced them every cultural system ins in a constant state of change almost every day 100s1000s notice changes over longer periods of time look at process patterned sequence of events to understand why it took place, how most changes occur slowly over time & cumulative humanly made objects = artifacts sites & artifacts= archaeological record incomplete lots of items made of wood > decays observation made from what remains 2 ways to get info survey (looking for sites) excavation (digging up) all items modified by passing time what happens to site after abandonment = site formation processes way archaeological record is formed a pace where traces of human activity is found = archaeological site archaeological sites classification cooking, domesticated: habitation site bones: kill site stone, metal, quarry/ mine: quarry site religious site art site @ sites… dwelling, storage more than just artifacts found @ sites all things have relationship to each other in time & space = CONTEXT of each item w/o context > worthless (just objects) Time today governed by time precise time measurement is a recent phenomenon early calendars 3000 BC and beyond is a chronological vacuum if there were 100 quarters we would only know 1 quarter worth of precise time every event has time relative to other objects relative chronology: known sequence but not specific time
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