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ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 3

by: Sena Sarikaya

ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 3 ANT 304

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Anthropology > ANT 304 > ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 3
Sena Sarikaya

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About this Document

These notes are over the lecture given on 09/07/2016.
Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
Dr. Valdez
Class Notes
prehistoric, Archaeology, Intro to Archaeology, Introduction
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sena Sarikaya on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist in Anthropology at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
Class Lecture Week 3 09/07 Cultural Context ­everyone lives in a cultural context ­labels ­associated with items ­ex. bonnets for the Sioux & burgers and friends for the middle class Americans ­stereotypes ­complex adap.  ­society, environment, etc. ­erroneous ­imposed unknowingly ­ “that’s what they should look like” ­photographers made them pose sometimes ­human culture is unique  ­translated from gen. to gen. through formal education, religion, day to day  interactions ­how to adapt to environment ­human beings ONLY animals to use cultural means as the primary adaptation ­ex. clothes for cold, homes for shelter ­subdivide ­pol., soc., religion, tech. ­blend and interaction ­anthropology tries to define ­but nothing is inclusive enough ­all of beliefs ­art, law, custom ­perishable ­philosophy, etc.  ­tangible remains ­affected by intangible items ­ex. things related to econ./rel. ­patterned reflection of cult. that produced them ­every cultural system ins in a constant state of change ­almost every day 100s­1000s ­notice changes over longer periods of time ­look at process ­patterned sequence of events to understand why it took place, how ­most changes occur slowly over time & cumulative ­humanly made objects = artifacts ­sites & artifacts= archaeological record ­incomplete ­lots of items made of wood ­> decays ­observation made from what remains ­2 ways to get info ­survey (looking for sites) ­excavation (digging up) ­all items modified by passing time ­what happens to site after abandonment = site formation processes ­way archaeological record is formed  ­a pace where traces of human activity is found = archaeological site ­archaeological sites classification ­cooking, domesticated: habitation site ­bones: kill site ­stone, metal, quarry/ mine: quarry site ­religious site ­art site ­@ sites… ­dwelling, storage ­more than just artifacts found @ sites ­all things have relationship to each other in time & space = CONTEXT of each item ­w/o context ­> worthless (just objects) Time ­today governed by time ­precise time measurement is a recent phenomenon ­early calendars ­3000 BC and beyond is a chronological vacuum ­if there were 100 quarters we would only know 1 quarter worth of precise time ­every event has time relative to other objects ­relative chronology: known sequence but not specific time


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