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L&S 20E

by: Eva Notetaker
Eva Notetaker

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About this Document

Notes for Weeks 4 & 5
Dr. Kathleen Moran
Class Notes
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Popular in 20E

Popular in Letters And Science

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eva Notetaker on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of California Berkeley taught by Dr. Kathleen Moran in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see 20E in Letters And Science at University of California Berkeley.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
Scanned by CamScanner Scanned by CamScanner Scanned by CamScanner L&S 20E NOTES    The Science of the Story ​    We c​an ​feel stories  Experiencing a story alters our neurochemical processes  we’re attracted to stressful stories because we are always afraid that it could happen to  us, and we want to imagine how we would deal with the same problems  Other stories inspire our sense of awe, which triggers our curiosity  We also tend to care about the characters in a story ­ our brains release oxytocin which  scientists first found in nursing mothers.  The brain activity of both storytellers and story listeners starts to align due to mirror  neurons  As we become involved with a story, fictional things come to seem real in our bodies.  When cortisol that feeds attention combine with  oxytocin of care, we experience a  phenomenon called “transportation.” This happens when attention and anxiety join with  our empathy.  Research suggests that this process of transportation increases our real­life empathic  skills.  These qualities make stories adaptive and can actually increase our chances of  survival.  Stories are far more persuasive than just facts    However, there is a dark side of storytelling     A spike in cortisol can make us aggressive (fight or flight response)  Oxytocin makes us show strong preferences for our own groups (why fandoms exist) &  people are more likely to indulge in group­think—going along with collective decisions  even when they believe those decisions are wrong.   Stories can carry us toward ideals that are destructive, especially to out­groups.   Stories are a form of power over bodies, but it’s a power that we can use or misuse.    Vintage California Cuisine    Recipes mentioned:     Old California Almond­Pineapple ‘Fesenjan’  Fish Fit for a Playboy British King  German Beets from 19th Century San Francisco      19th Century Californians Learned to Love Chile Peppers  An Apple­Watercress Salad with a San Francisco­French Twist  Curry Comes to California, Circa 1885  Strawberry Omelette  Peruvian Stuffed Peppers   Baked Apple Pudding  English Monkey on Bean and Nut Loaf       


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