Geography 1002, week 1
Geography 1002, week 1 Geog 1002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dylan Bordelon on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1002 at University of Louisiana at Monroe taught by Dr. Chenoweth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Regional geography in Geography at University of Louisiana at Monroe.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
Take Notes Middle America: o Middle America is from panama to Mexico all the islands of the Caribbean o The Caribbean has an African influence on it o Spanish & Amerindian traditions survive on the mainland o The mainland portion is an ISTHMUS that connects North and south America o A prime agricultural product of the RIMLAND is sugar cane o Puerto Rico has the highest per capita income in middle America o Cuba has the lowest per capita income because it is communist o Guatemala has the highest amount of child deaths & Haiti does not report the exact amount of child deaths. The Caribbean: -The Caribbean basin: a patchwork of independent states in political transition & residual colonidependencies. -These islands are the Dominican republic, Jamaica, and Haiti -Dominican republic was controlled by the Spanish, Jamaica by the British, and Haiti by the French -Contains 7,000 islands from Cuba to Trinidad -GREATER ANTILLES- 4 LARGEST ISLANDS: -CUBA -HISPANIOLA -PUERTO RICO -JAMAICA -the LESSER ANTILLES- are ALL the remaining islands -an ARCHIPELAGO CAN BE DEFINED AS AN ISLAND CHAIN -Hispaniola has two countries, Haiti and the Dominican republic -Santo Domingo is an old city Mesoamerica: - A culture hearth is defined as a source area from which new ideas radiated, population expanded, w/ material & intellectual progress. - Mesoamerica-middle American culture hearth extending from Mexico city to central Nicaragua Lowland Maya: -only culture that arose in the lowland tropics -series of city states -Maya classic period 300-900 A.D. -held ceremonies in their temples -Had 2 calendars! -one used the moon & sun and the other used Venus Tekal, Guatemala: -Maya ceremony center -from 900 B.C. – 900 A.D. it was occupied -It has the highest known pyramids in all of Mesoamerica. (230 ft) Mesoamerica cont.: -The Aztecs lived in Teotihuacan which is near Mexico city 2 -Classified as the first true urban center in the western hemisphere. -they dominated their neighbors and forced them to pay taxes and tributes -Amerindians are decimated by European colonizers through brutality, European diseases and African diseases. (smallpox, typhoid, measles, flu, mumps) Spanish colonial towns: -Colonial towns had an internal focus -Central plaza- contained a church & government buildings -They used a Greek style for building patterns -Street pattern- laid out in a grid so insurrections by Amerindians could be contained in the affected blocks & trouble makers rooted out -Mesoamerican Indians learned Spanish & catholicism 3
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