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Specificity Coding

by: Emily Scelta-Neff

Specificity Coding PIA 292

Marketplace > Adelphi University > PIA 292 > Specificity Coding
Emily Scelta-Neff

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Ch. 2- A thorough review of neuropsychology, brain imaging techniques, Broca's Area, Wernicke's Area, and and Single and Double Dissociation.
Cognitive Psychology
Fareri, D
Class Notes
wernicke, Broca, neuropsychology, brain, Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Scelta-Neff on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PIA 292 at Adelphi University taught by Fareri, D in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
Specificity Coding; Ch. 2   Neuropsychology is the relationship between brain processes and  behavior, and is a major viewpoint through which we study brain  damage.   FunctionalityandAnatomyBrainTests Inordertocollectdataonfunctionalityandanatomy,weusevariousbrainimaging techniques,suchasMagneticResonanceImaging(MRI)andDiffusionTensorImaging(DTI). ● AnMRImachinedisturbsprotonpopulationsofvarioussectionsofbraintissue,sending aradiowavetodispersethem,andthendetectsinexactlywhatpatterntheyreturnto theiroriginalalignment. ○ AnfMRImachine’sdatacollectionprocessisdependentonbloodoxidation levels,whichmattersbecausethemagneticresonanceofoxygenatedand deoxygenatedbloodvaries. ● ADTImachinedetectswhitemattertractsthatspanbetweenregions,whichallowsusto understandtherelationshipsbetweendifferentlobesofthebrain. TheIsolationofCertainBrainProcesses Amaininterestofcognitiveneuroscienceisthelocalizationoffunction.Specificfunctions arelocalizedtospecificpartsofthebrain. ● SingleDissociation:Onecaninfertwofunctionsareindependentofeachotherby provingthatalesiontoasinglestructuredisruptsonefunction,butnottheother. ● DoubleDissociation:Onecaninfersomethingaboutthelocalizationoftwofunctions ofthebrainbystudyingtwolesionpatientswithoppositefunctionalabnormalities. ● Broca’sArea:Brocastudiedastrokepatientwithfrontallobedamagewhocouldonlysay theword“tan”.TheareaBrocastudiedthatwasresponsibleforlanguageproduction becameknownasBroca’sarea. ● Wernicke’sArea:Wernickestudiedstrokepatientswithtemporallobedamagewhocould producefluentyetincomprehensiblespeech.TheareaWernickestudiesthatwas responsibleforlanguagecomprehensionbecameknownasWernicke'sarea.  


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