PY 101, Language Development
PY 101, Language Development Psychology 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
9/12 Language Development What is language? A system of communication using sounds and symbols according to grammatical rules Made up of 2 primary units -Morphemes: smallest language units that have meaning (including suffix and prefix) -Phonemes: basic sounds of speech, making them the building blocks of language Syntax: placement of words in a sentence Semantics: meaning of the words (ex. People have different meanings for ma’am and coke/soda) About 4,000 languages around the world 1. Sentence 2. Phrases 3. Words or morphemes (ex. –ed is past tense) 4. Phonemes (syllables) Language and the Brain Broca’s area: production of speech Wernicke’s area: understanding or comprehension of speech Aphasia: a language disorder that results in deficits in language comprehension and production -About 40% of all strokes produce some aphasia, can be temporary or permanent Language in Infancy First word is spoken about 1 year-old Sentences are formed at about 2.5-3 years-old Common Mistakes when Learning Language Overgeneralizations: As children begin to use language in more- sophisticated ways, one relatively rare, but telling error they make is to over apply new grammar rules they learn Telegraphic speech: the tendency for toddlers to speak using rudimentary sentences that are missing words and grammatical markings but follow a logical syntax and convey a wealth of meaning
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