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Chapter 3 notes

by: Samantha Notetaker

Chapter 3 notes ss 290

Samantha Notetaker

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key points from chapter 3 of The Worlds of Medieval Europe by Clifford R. Backman
History of Medieval Europe
Albert Reeves
Class Notes
history, medieval, europe
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ss 290 at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott taught by Albert Reeves in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see History of Medieval Europe in History at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
Chapter 3 Sunday, September 18, 2016 3:15 PM The increase of German immigration affected both the fall of Rome and the spread of  Christianity, however it is hard to pinpoint exactly what aspects contributed to those results.  There is no written record of the Germans until the fourth century (which by this time they were  highly Christianized and Romanized) because they didn’t keep written records so before the  fourth century they are studied through the eyes of Christians and paganist. Clans that made up  tribes shared similar dialect and followed customary codes. However, they did not necessarily  share ethnicity. Tribes would form and break up regularly to confuse and frustrate Romans.  Within each clans they had chieftains that gained loyalty through military and material fortunes  (basically you could be the hero one day and villain the next  depending on how you defended  the clan and provided for it). During the 4th and 5th century the clans and tribes would merge  into larger units to make peace treaties and such with Romans because Romans would only deal  with larger nations. Then the most able warlord would be a dux which evolved into a sort of  kingship. Then these artificial kingdoms would create a fake ancestry to look as though they had  roots (usually they would make up legends for this reason). This is why the Visigoths and Alans  are seen as historical fiction. Increased need for food and desire to avoid nomads like the Alans  or Huns drove Germans towards the Roman borders.  Basically to advance yourself in the social ladder of the tribes and clans you had to participate in  warfare. That’s why they are known for their brutality and violence.  Overtime they developed a  system called Wergeld; basically it was a payment for any injury or murder and the payment  varied from social class, every injury was assigned a monetary value. This was to stop the blood  feuds at the time. It was basically like the idea of our modern day insurance policies. However,  the specifics of the system differed from tribe to tribe.  Germanic law relied heavily on sex and protecting women from being sexually assaulted and  men from women enticing them into it. Most tribes went by protective ownership which meant  that women were always property of their guardian (husband or father) and were always  considered a legal minor. However, the Visigoths did not follow this a women could be a free  adult own property and everything but were legal minors until the age 20.  Multiple factors lead to the Germans pushing westward in increasing numbers.  1 Overpopulation, stiffer competition for land and resources  2 Conflicts became more frequent and drove them to seek a peaceful life in Rome 3 Approach of Huns 


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