CTCS-190: Lecture Week 4
CTCS-190: Lecture Week 4 CTCS 190
Popular in Introduction to Cinema
Popular in Cinema And Media Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexander Harutunian on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CTCS 190 at University of Southern California taught by Drew Casper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cinema in Cinema And Media Studies at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Week 4 Visual Design elements: Costuming: clothes hairstyles etc. Decor: set dressing, props (anything the actor uses) Lighting Color Title design Special effects Why “Meet me in St. Louis” Simple movie Built around (family values), and visual design Revolutionized visual design Lighting Photos and graphene To write with light 3point lighting system (and variations) Key light main source of illumination within the image; directed toward the principal object of the frame Fill light fills in for the shadows that are created by the key light; creates an overall tonality/harmony with light in the frame; placed 90 degrees from the key light Backlight main source of illumination behind a character or object Direction of light the way light falls upon the subject Can creates different psychological effects and meaning If backlight dominates, a halo will be created and will make the subject look their best Rembrandt light is just like backlight Backlight separates the subject from the background, creates depth If the light hits straight on, the face will look flat Light from the bottom makes the subject seem scary/ominous; unsettling bc lighting from the bottom is unnatural Light from the top will spiritualize the subject; sense of power (godfather); foreboding Quantity of light: amount/degree of intensity Again creates different values and meanings High key lighting a lot of key and fill lighting; everything is light Low key lighting a lot of key but not fill, or vice versa; creates shadows Hard/Harsh light all imperfections/details are revealed; people don’t look their best in harsh light Soft/Diffused/Reflective light imperfections are hidden Noon has the harshest light; just before dawn or just after dusk has the best natural lighting Stock registers the various sharpness, lack of sharpness; amount of detail Fast stock is very sensitive to light; not as clear or sharp Slow stok is not very sensitive to light; need to brings lights on location; will have a very clear and defined image Sizes if you increase the size of the material use to film/shoot; you will get a more defined result Color What carries the color? Clothing, hair color, makeup, skin color, rug, chairs, etc. Those same elements carry color in motion picture Costume hairstyle makeup lighting decor all carry color Make sure not to overwhelm the eye will color This is what the artistic enterprise is all about The colors are not real; they have all been planned out and stylized The artist selects the colors; he selects this but not that; The second aspect is order: this must follow that We all can select; we all can order; but we are not all artists You can tell who the main character is based on what color they are wearing The director uses contrast and conflict any kind of conflict (including color) Which is more real, sensual, dramatic? Color or Black and white? Neither one is more than the other; it depends upon the subject matter Title: tells you about the movie Title and credits are given a design Credit design are just as important as the title Special effects The art of making things appear to have happened 1. Makeup a. Street makeup b. Character makeup (done in a trailer; adding a hump onto notre dame c. Special effects makeup (done in a lab; supernatural effects; frankenstein) 2. Mechanical special effects 3. In camera special effects 4. Postproduction special effects a. Computer generated effects b. Can change the time of day, put stars in sky c. Can correct mistakes Functions of visual design Visual effects define the character in the frame Costume can draw your eye to the main character Setting Meet me in St. Louis the home is the center of the shot; most important part of the film The horse carriage vs. the car: America is in a stage of transition; the clutter in the house shows they are safe, solid family, they have been there a long time Mood the feeling of the movie Atmosphere creates mood; physical sensations (use of the senses) Elements of visual design can tell us the interiority of the characters The technique of the objective to relative Motif that which is repeated An artist repeats to put emphasis on something and to structure the work Visual design can be the subject, theme, or conflict of the movie Color has a symbolic resonance Color can draw the audience to a spectacle
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