New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Orgo: Week 3 notes

by: Hannah Malcomson

Orgo: Week 3 notes CHEM141A

Hannah Malcomson

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover curved arrow diagrams, resonance structures, and the very beginning of acids and bases. If the pictures included are helpful, I will include them in all my future notes!
Organic Chemistry 1
Class Notes
Organic Chemistry, General Chemistry
25 ?




Popular in Organic Chemistry 1

Popular in Chemistry

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Malcomson on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM141A at University of Vermont taught by Wurthmann in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Chemistry at University of Vermont.


Reviews for Orgo: Week 3 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/18/16
Hannah Malcomson Orgo Week 3: Notes Numbering and naming in Organic Chemistry: See flashcards uploaded. Functional Groups: A functional group is a grouping of atoms, bonded together, with a predictable reactivity/ chemical behavior. A molecule will often have multiple functional groups. All hydrocarbons:  Alkanes: all single bonds between carbon atoms  Alkenes: double bond between at least two carbon atoms in the molecule  Alkynes: triple bond between at least two carbon atoms in the molecule  Aromatic ring: alternating single and double bonds between carbon atoms around a ring Other functional groups with all single bonds:  Alcohols: all single bonds between carbon atoms, and an –OH group of one of the carbon atoms  Ether: all single bonds, with an oxygen atom between carbon atoms  Amine: all single bonds with a nitrogen atom attached to a carbon atom Double Bonds:  Aldehyde: a double bond between a carbon and an oxygen, at the end of the chain  Ketone: a double bond between a carbon and an oxygen, in the middle of the chain  Carboxylic acid: a double bond between a carbon and an oxygen, with a C-OH coming of that same carbon atom.  Ester: a double bond between a carbon and an oxygen, with a C-O-R coming of that same carbon atom.  Amide: a double bond between a carbon and an oxygen, with a C-N-R coming of that same carbon atom. Curved Arrow Diagrams: Delivery service to indicate the movement of electrons.  Curved arrows do any of the following: o Form a bond between two atoms by moving electrons to the space between the atoms o Break a bond between two atoms by pulling electrons from the space between the atoms o Generate charges by moving electrons onto an atom  Electrons come from 1 of 3 place to create or break a bond: o Negatively charged atoms o Lone pairs o Pi- bonds (double or triple bonds) Resonance: Explains movement of electrons within a structure in reference to the structures stability.  If electrons can be shared by multiple atoms, the electrons are more stable  Bond-line illustrations are tremendously useful for considering structures. However, they do not adequately show the constant motion of electrons.  When there are multiple resonance structures that are relatively stable, a resonance hybrid is formed. o The hybrid is more stable because instead of having a whole negative or positive charge on one atom, the charge is spread out so that no atom ever has a fully positive or fully negative charge. Patterns to look for when predicting resonance and using curved arrows:  Allylic Pattern- simultaneous movement of electrons to break and form bonds on the same structure.  Neighboring atoms of difering electronegativity Guidelines: 1) Curved arrows move electrons 2) For resonance, avoid breaking single bonds a. Breaking a single bond indicates a reaction, not resonance 3) Never exceed the octet rule for second row elements 4) Minimize charges. Bonds stabilize atoms. Choose structures with more bonds vs more charges 5) Electronegative atoms (N, O, Cl, Br) are best for hosting negative charges (may even host positive charges) Acids and Bases: Bronstead- Lowry definitions:  Acid= H+ donor (proton donor)  Base= H+ acceptor Lewis definitions:  Lewis Acid: electron pair acceptor  Lewis base: electron pair donor (start of curved arrows) Predicting favored side of an equilibrium  pH= scale of acidity and basicity (0-14)  pKa= compound’s ability to act as an acid (-10  50) o Logarithmic o Defines acidity


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.