Psych101, Week 1
Psych101, Week 1 PSY 101
Popular in Intro Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jill LaSala on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Burlington County College taught by Haynes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro Psychology in Psychology at Burlington County College.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Introduction to Psychology 9/12/2016 Lecture #1 An Intro to Intro: Psychology: The scientific study of the mind and behavior. The Mind: A person’s thoughts, feelings, and motives. Behavior: Everything we do that can be directly observed. The BIG Question = “WHY DO PEOPLE DO WHAT THEY DO?” Psychology comes from two other subjects/disciplines… Philosophy is the, “rational investigation of the underlying principles of being and knowledge.” It answers the questions of the mind. Physiology answers the questions of the body (i.e. the brain and nervous system). Psychology vs. Psychiatry: Psychiatry = symptom reduction (i.e. medication) Psychology = finding the root cause. (“WHY DO PEOPLE DO WHAT THEY DO?”). Nature vs. Nurture: Nature = behavior is determined by genetic influences. Nurture = behavior is determined by our environment and personal experiences. Bottom Line: We’re a little bit of both. Psychology Professions… Applied Psychology: concerned with every day, practical problems. Clinical Psychology: concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. Percentages in the Work Force… o 34% Academic o 24% Clinical o 22% Private Practice (We were told 33% in class—great Q for the professor!) o 12% Industrial o 4% Schools o 4% Other Sigmund Freud (18561939) Human behavior is caused by the unconscious impulses. Much of his theory based on our sexual desires. Based his Psychodynamic Theory on his patients, who were struggling with psychological problems. Used cocaine extensively. We often still use the term “Freudian slip.” John Watson (18781958) Believed we should focus on behavior not consciousness (like Freud). Said psychology should study observable behavior. “No one can touch, see, or verify another’s thoughts or feelings.” Psychology study what we do or say, not thoughts, feelings, and wishes that go with those actions. Seven Key Themes of Psychology… Theme #1: Psychology is empirical. o We establish theories based on the scientific method. o More on this on the study guide (to be posted AT LEAST 4 days prior to the first test) Theme #2: Psychology is theoretically diverse. o There is much debate in the psychology realm amongst experts. o No single theory can completely explain everything about behavior. Theme #3: Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context. o Sociohistorical: of, relating to, or involving social history or a combination of social and historical factors. o WWII and the aftermath of the Holocaust made psychology’s ethics socially and historically relevant. Theme #4: Behavior is determined by multiple causes. o Behavior does not only have one cause (i.e. We could fail because of lack of effort, lack of intelligence, etc.) o Remember Nature vs. Nurture debate. Theme #5: Behavior is shaped by cultural heritage. o Culture is the sharing of customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of community that are transmitted across generations. o Everyone has a bias, everyone has different assumptions, ideals, attitudes, beliefs, and unspoken rules in their mind. Theme #6: Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior. o Again, Nature vs. Nurture. o Are our personalities shaped by our genetics or upbringing? Theme #7: People’s experience of the world is highly subjective. o We are the interpreter of our experience. o We see what we want and what we expect to see.
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