Child Psych Week 5
Child Psych Week 5 Psych 300
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Truppo on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 300 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sabrina Lynn Thurman (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Child Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 5 September 14. 2016 Outline The brain and nervous system Sleep Motor skills development Body growth and development Nutrition and Psychological Factors Associated with Physical Development Physical maturity Brain and Nervous System Ridges in brain allow for faster processing and informational transferences in humans Neurons Proliferation Brain increases in size because of increase in neurons Every neuron has own set of DNA Diﬀerentiation Cells increase in size, complexity and functioning The developing brain Migration Neurons move to various regions of the brain Glial Cells Specialized brain cells Provides a scaﬀolding for neuron migration Nourishes neurons Assist int he production of myelin Two Types of Environmentally-Dependent Plasticity in Development Experience-expectant Neuron growth and diﬀerentiation that will not happen unless a particular experience occurs during its critical period Ex: Talking Experience-dependent Generate new synapses in response to environmentally determined experiences which vary between individuals Ex: Reading and writing Synaptic pruning Weaker or less active dendrites of neurons are eliminated Brain Lateralization Lateralization Process by which one hemisphere of the brain comes to dominate the other Processing of language in the left hemisphere or of spatial information in the right hemisphere Sleep For infants 16 to 17 hours per day Sleep and wake cycles are very short, easily disrupted by external stimulation Sleeping patterns may reﬂect temperaments, not nighttime parenting Sleeping Arrangements for Infants Vary by culture, preference Western: Early independence (own bed, own room), sleep through the night Nso: Children always sleep with someone else (mother, other relative) Co-sleeping Infants sleeping near their mothers Norm in many cultures, but controversial in others Allow mother and child to synchronize sleep, breathing, and arousal patterns Beneﬁts to breastfeeding NOT SAFE when done on couch or in the presence of parental smoking, drinking, or drug use Chapter 5 Cont. September 16. 2016 Sleep cont. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 5 Steps to reduce SIDS: “Back to sleep” (sleep on back) Eliminate exposure to cigarette smoke and other drugs Provide ﬁrm bedding, no soft objects or loose bedding Avoid overheating Have the infant use a paciﬁer during sleep Room Sharing Baby is in room with parents without risk factors of co sleeping Motor Skills Development Reﬂexes Survival Reﬂexes Breathing, sucking, rooting, swallowing Primitive Reﬂexes Moro (throwing arms up if startled), palmar (grabbing with palm), grasping, babinski (fanning toes when tickle feet) Postural Reﬂexes: Designed to maintain a speciﬁc orientation to the environment Stepping, swimming (put babies in water and they will mimic swimming), placing (move feet from under things to on top), body righting (move so shoulder and hips are facing same direction) Biological Contributions Genetic and maturation Experiential Contributions Dynamic Systems Theory
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