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LGSTS week 3

by: Sophie Levy

LGSTS week 3 LGST 3010

Sophie Levy

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Chapter 4; in class notes
Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn
Sanda Groome
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Levy on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LGST 3010 at Tulane University taught by Sanda Groome in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn in Business at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
Ch.  4   Thursday,  September   8,  2016 10:01  AM Statutes  of  Limitations   -­ Usually  done  by  state   -­ Ex:  Louisiana  has  a  one  year  statute  of  limitations  on –imif  you  don't   file  within  the  year,  you  lose  your  claim   Stages  of  Litigation:  figuring  out  if  you  really  want  to  sue;    most  are  similar  between   state  and  federal  court   -­ Make  sure  the  person  filing  the  lawsuit  has   standing:  the  party  starting  the   claim  must  have  suffered  an  injury  in  fact..  Blah  blah   ○ Means  that  you  have  to  be  the  injured  party  to  have  standing   ○ Intermediate  family  has  standing  to  sue   ○ Amicus  briefs:  don’t  have  standing  to  sue,  but  have  personal  interested;   they  will  file  a  brief  to  give  their  opinion -­ Pleadings:  drafting  and  filing  the  complaint   ○ Who  are  the  parties ○ Where  there  is  jurisdiction ○ What  happened  during  the  incident? § Likely  a  spin  on  the  facts   ○ List  damages  (property  damages,  doctor  bills  and  treatment  past/future,   work  compensation)   -­ Prayer:  "suck-­‐up  statement"  asking  the  court  to  grant  them  whatever  that  ask   for;  apologizes  in  advance  if  something  is  forgotten  in  the  complaint   -­ Complaint ○ Once  the  defendant  has  been  served  with  the  complaint,  they  must   supply  an  answer ○ Answer:  you  must  either  admit  or  deny,  based  on  information  and  belief,   that  the  defendant  does  not  have  enough  information  to  answer  the   question § May  admit  to  some  of  the  facts,  but  deny  the  liabilities   ○ Abundance  of  caution:  deny   -­ Parties  are  served(notified) ○ people  are  rarely  at  home–If  you  need  something  to  get  served,  you  call   the  sheriffs  office   § May  admit  to  some  of  the  facts,  but  deny  the  liabilities   ○ Abundance  of  caution:  deny   -­ Parties  are  served(notified) ○ people  are  rarely  at  home–If  you  need  something  to  get  served,  you  call   the  sheriffs  office   They  can  serve  at  a  workplace/other  alternate  address ○ ○ If  you  STILL  cannot  find  someone,  you  may  have  to  hire  a   private   processor § You  need  permission  from  the  court  to  get  someone  to  serve  it  for   you   ○ Proper  service:  does  not  necessarily  need  to  be  directly  to  the  defendant   (needs  to  be  served  to  an  adult  who  lives  at  the  defendant's  place  of   residence)   ○ Litigation  takes  so  much  time  because  you  need  to  serve  ALL  defendants -­ Discovery:L  earning  everything  about  everybody  and  everything  involved  in  the   case– ANYTHING  that  might  be  relevant  to  the  case;  takes  a  LONG  TIME   Interrogatories:  written  questions  between  the  parties   ○ § Car  accident  example:  "have  you  had  any  previous  traffic   violations?" ○ Respect  for  production  of  documen:t sny  and  all  evidence;  not  just   paper   § "please  list  each  and  every  doctor  you  have  seen  in  the  past  10   years"   § Attach  a  HYPA  form  to  release  all  medical  records  to  a  law  firm § Tax  returns,  work  information,  etc.   ○ Depositions:    face-­‐to-­‐face  questioning   § Doesn’t  have  to  be  one  of  ths can  be  any  witness,  expert,   doctor,  etc.   § Everyone's  in  a  room,  all  lawyers  are  invited,  each  party  may  or  may   not  be  there § Sworn  in  and  under  oath,  but  not  as  formal  as  a  trial § Ask  for  versions  of  the  accident  and  any  overall  thoughts   ○ (not  as  common)   Request  for  admissions § Send  to  party,  "please  admit  this…"   § Facts  that  you  don’t  have  to  prove  in  court   ○ Motions  Ex:  Motion  for  summary  judgment:  for  this  to  be  passed,   everyone  has  to  agree  on  thtsif  everyone  agrees,  then  there  is  no   lawsuit § Can  dismiss  a  portion  or  all  of  the  case   § Ex:  After  discovery  is  done,  insurance  company  may  file  that  they   don’t  cover  the  incident;  there  is  still  a  case,  but  it's  not  covered   -­ Pretrial  conference ○ Federal  court  will  ask  you  to  submit  a  pretrial  statement/order  that  lists   every  witness,  exhibit,  theory  of  case,  reasoning,  requested  damages…   § Can  dismiss  a  portion  or  all  of  the  case   § Ex:  After  discovery  is  done,  insurance  company  may  file  that  they   don’t  cover  the  incident;  there  is  still  a  case,  but  it's  not  covered   -­ Pretrial  conference ○ Federal  court  will  ask  you  to  submit  a  pretrial  statement/order  that  lists   every  witness,  exhibit,  theory  of  case,  reasoning,  requested  damages…   -­ Trial ○ Judge  or  jury  trial § Most  people,  when  they  file  a  complaint,  will  ask  for  a  jury  trial § Defense  will  also  ask  for  a  jury  trial § Don’t  make  the  decision  until  6  weeks  before  trial  because  it's   expensive   § May  want  a  judge  if  it's  a  highly  technical  case § May  want  a  jury  if  it's  a  highly  emotional  case § Pre-­‐emptory  challenges :  you  don't  want  that  person  on  your  jury;   limited □ Cannot  dismiss  a  juror  based  on  race  or  gender □ But  you  do  not  have  to  have  a  reason § Sequester  jury:  when  they  pick  you  as  jury  then  pack  you  up  and   bring  you  to  a  hotel □ For  big  cases  when  they  don't  want  you  influenced  by  other   people/the  media ○ Plaintiffgoes  first:  presents  all  evidence   ○ Then  defense  may  have  a  "motion  to  dismiss"  if  they  think  that  the   plaintiff  didn't  present  a  real  case § Is  not  granted  very  often   ○ Then  defense  presents  their  case ○ Then  the  judge  will  instruct  the  jury j  (ry  instructions)   § Basically  must  agree  on  these  jury  instructions   Civil  Court -­ Usually  awarded  a  monetary  amount…  but  how  do  you  get  it? ○ Issues  when  insurance  does  not  cover  the  event   ○ Judgment  debtor  examination:  filed  with  the  court  to  find  out  all  of  their   assets,  bank  statements,  etc.  (anything  of  value  that  could  be  used  to  pay   the  amount)   No  court -­ Alternative  Dispute  Resolution -­ Negotiation:  ex:  after  a  car  accident,  exchanging  insurance,  and  figuring  out   how  much  is  owed -­ Formal  demand  letter:  notice  that  a  lawyer  will  be  called  soon;  doesn't  always   work -­ Mediation:  usually  there  is  a  lawyer  involved;  after  a  lawsuit  is  filed  and   -­ Alternative  Dispute  Resolution -­ Negotiation:  ex:  after  a  car  accident,  exchanging  insurance,  and  figuring  out   how  much  is  owed -­ Formal  demand  letter:  notice  that  a  lawyer  will  be  called  soon;  doesn't  always   work -­ Mediation:  usually  there  is  a  lawyer  involved;  after  a  lawsuit  is  filed  and   discovery  is  finished   ○ The  person  who  is  the  mediator  must  know  the  law   Can  be  retired  lawyers,  judges,  specialized  lawyers   ○ ○ Once  you  figure  out  a  settlement  number,  it  becomes  a  contract -­ Arbitration:  more  formal  than  mediation;  but  there  is  a  decision ○ Pick  an  arbitrator  who  rules  like  a  judge   ○ You  cannot  walk  away  from  an  arbitration   Hooters  v.  Philips:  Employee  signed  a  document  in  the  employee  manual   ○ agreeing  that  Hooters  only  arbitrates  and  doesn't  go  to  court § She  had  to  select  an  arbitrator  from  a  list  provided  by  Hooters § Hooters  had  the  right  to  expand  the  scope  of  arbitration  to  move   for  summary  dismissal   § Hooters  could  bring  the  arbitration  to  court  if  they  are  unhappy   with  the  decision   § Courts  do  not  like  this  because  its  unfair  to  the  employees   -­ Preferring  mediation  and  arbitration:  for  time,  expense,  privacy,  preserving   business  relationship


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