Hinduism Notes PHILOS 2120 - 0010
Popular in Asian Philosophies
Popular in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion
PHILOS 2120 - 0010
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mindy on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 2120 - 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Steven Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophies in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion at Ohio State University.
Reviews for Hinduism Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/18/16
Hinduism It’s a religion mainly practiced in India Not just one view, but a family of views and very diverse We are focusing on one tradition: Advaita Vedanta o Aman is Brahman (some kind of pantheism) Side note: “Hey! That’s not what I believe” Dr. Brown is wrong o Talk to Dr. Brown if you think he is wrong You could be wrong There is more than one way to be a member of that tradition Vedas(~15001000 BCE) Very old, but they were passed down through oral tradition You can’t trust oral transmission because it could be inaccurate Side note: When you hear about oral tradition, don’t automatically rule them out because you think it is inaccurate They were written in Sanskrit and there are 4 of them: o Rigveda o Yajurveda o Samaveda o Atharvaveda Each of the 4 have 4 parts: o Samhitas: mantras and benedictions o Aranyakas: rituals, ceremonies, and sacrifices o Brahmanas: commentaries on rituals, ceremonies, and sacrifices o Upanishads: discussing meditation, philosophy, and spiritual knowledge Etymology: U = at, pa = foot, nishat = sitting down Sitting at the foot of the wise one and learning about important things Vedas contain directions on how to worship, they also contain philosophical texts that focus on why these rituals happen and why it is important to do There exists a group of text called, “The Upanishads” o It was influenced and shaped by the Vedic Upanishads, there are far more of them, there is no real limit o There are about 200 of them, but only 12 are heavily influential Katha Upanishad One of “The Upanishads” It is a tale, a narrative Characters o Yama:Death o Nachiketas: the main character, a young man o Nachiketa’s Father: King What Happens: o Father is making a sacrifice, Nachiketas criticizes his father for sacrificing too little so Nachiketas is sacrificed instead and Nachiketas goes to Yama’s home. Yama is not home for 3 days. Yama returns and offers 3 boons (wishes) to Nachiketas. o What does Nachiketas’ ask for? His father’s forgiveness Yama: Sure Understand the fire ritual Yama: Sure “What happens after death?” o Yama hesitates when telling Nachiketas what happens after death because not even the gods understand o Yama wants to trade something else instead not the secret of what happened to death o Nachiketas refuses the distractions, and Yamas says if he would’ve given in to the temptations he wouldn’t have told Nachiketas anyways o There is a universal world soul that underlies the reality of all things o Monism: there is only one thing Death tells of Samsara Samsara: cycle of death and rebirth Once you die, your atman comes back again in another being in another form o Might be human, might not be human Karma: having done to you what you have done o Do good things, you accumulate good karma o Do bad things you accumulate bad karma o Morality/Ethics o Suffering is often the result of something you do badly Moksha: liberation from Samsara, Enlightenment o Enhanced/Hyper wakeful o Ordinary wakefulness You know what it’s like to be awake o Drowsy wakefulness o Dreaming Sleep o Deep Sleep (Dreamless) o Enlightenment If you really get what ultimate reality is, you are connected and experiencing the oneness of all things The line between nothingness and oneness are not the same You get to Moksha through yoga o Yoga: techniques for working towards Moksha Body poses Meditation Breathing exercises Chanting Ohm We will never be able to understand Atman is Brahman by merely thinking about it, it needs to be experienced o Mysticism: not everything that is true can be understood but it can be experienced Analogy: Mary the girl who never saw colors and her attempts to understand redness The Chandogya Upanishad Shivetaketu is talking to his father, Uddalaka about Brahman Tat Tvam Asi you are that Analogies: o Understanding Gold Experienced a particular chunk of gold Based on that experience you can understand ALL other pieces of gold because you understand goldness You understand all things because you understand any of them Claim: sameness of properties allows us to understand things that we haven’t encountered directly o Rivers merging into the ocean Claim: becomes part of a larger whole, its individuality is unimportant/hard to make sense of/ track o Salt dissolving into water You can’t see the salt, but it’s there Claim: Atman/Brahman is a part of all things o So far we’ve been talking about Advaita Vedanta (Monistic School of Hinduism) There are other nonmonistic schools Ethics o Joy vs. Pleasures (Katha) Preya=pleasure The thing that gives pleasure isn’t good/ the pleasure isn’t goof (e.g) the pleasure taken in the suffering of another being They can be distractions from higher goods Ascetism Intentional denial of pleasures for pursuit of higher goods o fasting Side Conversation: Why is there individuality? Superficial appearances Deep truth about reality o We know very little about the world at this level Modern Physics and the world of our experiences o Don’t know about things at fundamental levels What is the ultimate explanation of the world around us?(Cosmological Argument) Your mother The Big Bang (has a beginning) or Eternally Existing Universe (beginningless) Why is the world (whole way things are) and why is it the way it is? Cosmological Argument Options: There is no answer, the brute fact o Objection: The universe is too particular, not special enough God made it that way (cosmological argument) o Why is God the way God is? o God has some very special features that make for a beter ultimate explanation Being the greatest possible being Brahman: Ultimate Reality is beyond all distinctions o Simple o Featureless o Unchanging Side Note: False memories reconstructed memories based on stories about themselves Side Conversation to explain what is Atman:“What is it that makes a person the same person over time?” Same physical body o Your DNA has a unique pattern and it stays constant o Same history o Maybe it’s not the same bc your body is always changing because cells die all of the time o Approximately same properties o Continuity of function Aristotle o Continuity of consciousness Dramatic psychological changes? Consciousness is vulnerable, can be dramatically changed Can result in breaks of personal identity Jekyl and Hyde Teleportation Person teleports but then his molecules get assembled in a new way on mars
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'