Evolution, Genetics, and Experience
Evolution, Genetics, and Experience PS 235
Popular in Biological Bases of Behavior
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa Tawadros on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 235 at Butler University taught by Dr. Jennifer Berry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at Butler University.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 2.1 Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: From Dichotomies to Interactions Is It Physiological or Psychological The idea that human processes fall into either category René Descartes o Cartesian Dualism Argued that the universe is composed of two elements Physical matter, which behaves according to the laws of nature and is thus a suitable object of scientific investigation The human mind (soul, self, or spirit), which lacks physical substance, controls human behavior, obeys no natural laws, and thus the appropriate purview of the Church o The human body, including the brain, was assumed to be entirely physical, and so were nonhuman animals Is It Inherited, or Is It Learned? Nature – Nurture Issue o The debate about the relative contributions of nature (genes) and nurture (experience) to the behavioral capacities of individual o Ethology The study of animal behavior in the wild o Instinctive Behaviors Behaviors that occur in all like members of a species, even when there seems to be no opportunity for them to have been learned
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