Lecture Notes for PAD
Lecture Notes for PAD Pad 3003-02
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Ralph on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pad 3003-02 at Florida State University taught by Abby Kinch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
September 7, 2016 What is Public Administration? Key points No generally defined or accepted definition Carries out functions of policy and law Started with Pendleton Act which eliminated spoils system Wilson and Goodnow Redefine how government works without eliminating passion for government o During revolution political passion was extremely high and they wanted to keep these feelings alive Need to separate the 2 ideas of politics and administration o Politics: voice of people and their will o Administration: carrying out the will of the people For this to work, one has to be subservient to the other Wilson’s “The Study of Administration” (1887) and Goodnows “Politics and Administration” (1900) o Public administration should be viewed differently from politics and should be based on science of management “The expression of the will of the state vs. the execution of that will” Goodnow says politics is more important than public administration because we cannot execute something if we don’t know what needs to be fixed o Cant do something about a topic until its voted on Emphasis should be on how government actions are carried out o Focus on efficiency and economy 3 types of authority 1. Judicial 2. Executive 3. Administrative Harmony between the 3 can be achieved through one being subservient No harmony political gridlock o Separation of powers became basis of American politics Meant to stop gridlock but in turn created more gridlock Frederick Taylor Worked in industrial revolution and saw similarities between poor working conditions and government Wanted more efficiency create 1 best way of accomplishing a task o Social science revolution o Coined “Taylorism” by Justice Louis Brandeis “Principles of Scientific Management” (1911) received bad reputation for viewing workers as machines and expecting them to behave in expected manner Willoughby Budgeting increased legislative cooperation social efficiency because public could see where money was going o How government budgets now 1900-1920 economy grew from $1.5 billion to $9 billion o 600% growth from industrial revolution increased need for money control “The Movement for Budgeting Reform in the States” (1918) 3 major threads o 1. How budget would advance and provide proper controls o 2. … Would enhance legislative and executive cooperation o 3. … Would ensure administrative and management efficiency How do we fix public administration? More money Why budgeting is so important Cook and Klay Washington’s realizations Enlightenment age of realism: 17 -18 century with western Europe o Scottish enlightenment: Frances Hutcheson Locke inspired, elaborated conditions that justified overthrowing leaders Basis for revolution George Turnball inspired public education reform Public service motivation emerges as key theme Argue that Washington was founder of public administration, not Wilson o Not everyone has public service motivation Who does? Humanitarians, teachers, police, government workers Washingtons thoughts o Education Endorsed schooling and on-job training Socialization in schools Publicized education o History Repeats itself Ethics Definition: set of principles or right conduct o Theory/system of moral values o General nature of morals and of the specific moral choices to be made by a person; moral philosophy Whats right and whats wrong Cooper gave us 4 major questions September 14, 2016 IN RESPONSE TO HFMD Isolation vs. quarantine o Isolate the ill quarantine the healthy How does the IFC’s outbreak of HFMD relate to public administration? o PA responsibility to react to health concerns o Do we isolate them all? Do we only isolate the ones who are infected? Do we benefit the mass population at the expense of the minority? ETHICAL PARADOX September 16, 2016 Refugees ~ 51 mil. or > worldwide o significant increase in past 20 years 5 philosophical perspecives on what to do with the refugee crisis o 1. “lifeboat ethics” – don’t let any refugees in and don’t give any aid o 2. Temporary accept –let some in for temporary safety as to not danger the “home land” o 3. Share the refugee burden –countries have a moral obligation to help, especially wealthy and able countries o 4. Take as many refugees as you possibly can until the economy and civilization begin to break down o 5. End all national borders no refugees Holzer & schwester ethics are grounded in greek tradition “Telos” o teleological: maximize what is good “Deon” o emphasize motives and intentions Need for Administrative Ethics whistleblowing revisited people wanted to define a framework for ethics in public admin o ethics should be ground in what is relevant to the sector of the public people that work in government aren’t always the most ethical Tuskegee Study govt, wanted to know what would happen to people if they lived with untreated syphilis o run by CDC “progression of untreated syphilis in the negro male” o 600 participants, 399 had syphilis nd 201 did not most of the 201 ended up getting it by the end o told those who had syphilis that they were being treated o did not tell them they could leave study o did not inform them of harms and how they could be spreading supposed to last 6 months, lasted 40 years men had syphilis, did not know how it spread gave it to women gave it to children Nixon’s Watergate upon hearing he was behind in polls, Nixon made orders for staff to break into the DNC headquarters and steal any info that could help him win o forced to step down to avoid impeachment when news broke Clinton’s intern Blagojevich senator of Illinois when Obama became president, he left his seat open Blagojevich “sold” his seat o Gave seat to whoever gave most amount of money those in government are sometimes the lest ethical
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