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Lecture Notes for PAD

by: Jessica Ralph

Lecture Notes for PAD Pad 3003-02

Marketplace > Florida State University > Pad 3003-02 > Lecture Notes for PAD
Jessica Ralph
GPA 3.4
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these are notes from all lectures so far! notes will be posted on a weekly basis from here on out
Introduction to Public Administration
Abby Kinch
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Ralph on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pad 3003-02 at Florida State University taught by Abby Kinch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
September 7, 2016 What is Public Administration? Key points  No generally defined or accepted definition  Carries out functions of policy and law  Started with Pendleton Act which eliminated spoils system Wilson and Goodnow  Redefine how government works without eliminating passion for government o During revolution political passion was extremely high and they wanted to keep these feelings alive  Need to separate the 2 ideas of politics and administration o Politics: voice of people and their will o Administration: carrying out the will of the people  For this to work, one has to be subservient to the other  Wilson’s “The Study of Administration” (1887) and Goodnows “Politics and Administration” (1900) o Public administration should be viewed differently from politics and should be based on science of management  “The expression of the will of the state vs. the execution of that will”  Goodnow says politics is more important than public administration because we cannot execute something if we don’t know what needs to be fixed o Cant do something about a topic until its voted on  Emphasis should be on how government actions are carried out o Focus on efficiency and economy  3 types of authority 1. Judicial 2. Executive 3. Administrative  Harmony between the 3 can be achieved through one being subservient  No harmony  political gridlock o Separation of powers became basis of American politics  Meant to stop gridlock but in turn created more gridlock Frederick Taylor Worked in industrial revolution and saw similarities between poor working conditions and government Wanted more efficiency  create 1 best way of accomplishing a task o Social science revolution o Coined “Taylorism” by Justice Louis Brandeis “Principles of Scientific Management” (1911)  received bad reputation for viewing workers as machines and expecting them to behave in expected manner Willoughby  Budgeting  increased legislative cooperation  social efficiency because public could see where money was going o How government budgets now  1900-1920 economy grew from $1.5 billion to $9 billion o 600% growth from industrial revolution  increased need for money control  “The Movement for Budgeting Reform in the States” (1918)  3 major threads o 1. How budget would advance and provide proper controls o 2. … Would enhance legislative and executive cooperation o 3. … Would ensure administrative and management efficiency  How do we fix public administration? More money  Why budgeting is so important Cook and Klay Washington’s realizations  Enlightenment  age of realism: 17 -18 century with western Europe o Scottish enlightenment: Frances Hutcheson  Locke inspired, elaborated conditions that justified overthrowing leaders  Basis for revolution  George Turnball inspired public education reform  Public service motivation emerges as key theme  Argue that Washington was founder of public administration, not Wilson o Not everyone has public service motivation  Who does? Humanitarians, teachers, police, government workers  Washingtons thoughts o Education  Endorsed schooling and on-job training  Socialization in schools  Publicized education o History  Repeats itself Ethics  Definition: set of principles or right conduct o Theory/system of moral values o General nature of morals and of the specific moral choices to be made by a person; moral philosophy  Whats right and whats wrong  Cooper gave us 4 major questions  September 14, 2016 IN RESPONSE TO HFMD  Isolation vs. quarantine o Isolate the ill quarantine the healthy  How does the IFC’s outbreak of HFMD relate to public administration? o PA responsibility to react to health concerns o Do we isolate them all? Do we only isolate the ones who are infected?  Do we benefit the mass population at the expense of the minority?  ETHICAL PARADOX September 16, 2016 Refugees  ~ 51 mil. or > worldwide o significant increase in past 20 years  5 philosophical perspecives on what to do with the refugee crisis o 1. “lifeboat ethics” – don’t let any refugees in and don’t give any aid o 2. Temporary accept –let some in for temporary safety as to not danger the “home land” o 3. Share the refugee burden –countries have a moral obligation to help, especially wealthy and able countries o 4. Take as many refugees as you possibly can until the economy and civilization begin to break down o 5. End all national borders  no refugees Holzer & schwester  ethics are grounded in greek tradition  “Telos” o teleological: maximize what is good  “Deon” o emphasize motives and intentions Need for Administrative Ethics  whistleblowing revisited  people wanted to define a framework for ethics in public admin o ethics should be ground in what is relevant to the sector of the public  people that work in government aren’t always the most ethical Tuskegee Study  govt, wanted to know what would happen to people if they lived with untreated syphilis o run by CDC  “progression of untreated syphilis in the negro male” o 600 participants, 399 had syphilis nd 201 did not  most of the 201 ended up getting it by the end o told those who had syphilis that they were being treated o did not tell them they could leave study o did not inform them of harms and how they could be spreading  supposed to last 6 months, lasted 40 years  men had syphilis, did not know how it spread  gave it to women  gave it to children Nixon’s Watergate  upon hearing he was behind in polls, Nixon made orders for staff to break into the DNC headquarters and steal any info that could help him win o forced to step down to avoid impeachment when news broke Clinton’s intern Blagojevich  senator of Illinois  when Obama became president, he left his seat open  Blagojevich “sold” his seat o Gave seat to whoever gave most amount of money    those in government are sometimes the lest ethical


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