HIST111 Chapter 2 Notes
HIST111 Chapter 2 Notes History 111
Popular in United States History to 1865
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 111 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Eric Rose in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
Reviews for HIST111 Chapter 2 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 2 Important Term Definition/Main Idea Important People Key Terms Mercantilism: economic trading system in which European nations completed to control large trading markets in order to accumulate a lot of wealth NonSeparatists: Puritans who remained loyal to the “true Church of England” and sought to expand England overseas Separatists: extreme Protestants who did not believe that the Church of England was the “true church” and decided to establish their own independent congregations Spain: The Reconquista (790-1300) Spanish Reclaim the Iberian Peninsula Muslims had control of the Iberian Peninsula Numerous centuries past before the Spanish were able to reconquer the land 1492: Spanish finally reconquered the land Present Day Spain and Portugal Religious Intolerance Prince Ferdinand (Aragon) and Prin (Castile) married o United their kingdoms into Spain o Controlled the Catholic Church and its finances o Promised the Pope that they would convert ALL souls to Catholicism o Spain and Portugal refuse to tolerate Muslims in their land o Muslims are forced to either convert, leave, or die o Motivated Spanish explorers to conquer new colonies since they believed that God helped them to conquer the Muslims England Protestant Reformation King Henry VIII (15091547) o Broke away from Catholic church o New England Protestant Church: founded because the Catholic church would not allow Henry VIII to get a divorce Sea Dogs (British Conquistadores) Queen Elizabeth (15581603) o Daughter of Henry VIII Funded the sea dogs Ireland o Sea Dogs were sent to end a rebellion in Ireland o Instead, the Irish were massacred because they appeared to be an inferior race Sir Francis Drake o Career Pirate o Steals from Spanish ships in order to obtain wealth for England o Creates conflict between England and Spain Sir Walter Raleigh o Rewarded land which is used to establish a British colony in Ireland o Since the colony was unsuccessful, Raleigh turned his sights towards America Roanoke Island Colonized by Raleigh Raleigh abandons the colonists when the Spanish armada attacked England Inhabitants vanished after two years Croatoan: a carving left on a tree when Raleigh returns to Roanoke Island Theory behind the disappearance o Colonists settled near Chesapeake Indian Tribe o Powhatans: rival tribe who may have destroyed the Chesapeakes and the colonists. France Canada (New France) King Louis XIV (16431715) o Authoritarian King of France Samuel de Champlain o Frontiersman hired by Louis XIV o Established New France (Canada) o Quebec: capital of New France o Produced wheat Made alliances and trading negotiations with Indians West Indies o Produced sugar and coffee o Sugar islands became wealthier than Canada o Saint Domingue: wealthiest colony in the late 18 century
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'