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HIST111 Chapter 2 Notes

by: Cleopatra Shabazz

HIST111 Chapter 2 Notes History 111

Cleopatra Shabazz
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes identify Spain, England, and France as the major European nations that helped colonized North America and highlight key events that describes their historic failures and successes.
United States History to 1865
Dr. Eric Rose
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 111 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Eric Rose in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 2 Important Term Definition/Main Idea Important People Key Terms Mercantilism: economic trading system in which European nations completed to control large trading markets in order to accumulate a lot of wealth Non­Separatists: Puritans who remained loyal to the “true Church of England” and sought to expand England overseas Separatists: extreme Protestants who did not believe that the Church of England was the “true church” and decided to establish their own independent congregations Spain: The Reconquista (790-1300)  Spanish Reclaim the Iberian Peninsula  Muslims had control of the Iberian Peninsula  Numerous centuries past before the Spanish were able to reconquer the land     1492: Spanish finally reconquered the land  Present Day Spain and Portugal  Religious Intolerance      Prince Ferdinand   (Aragon) and   Prin  (Castile) married o United their kingdoms into Spain o Controlled the Catholic Church and its finances o Promised the Pope that they would convert ALL souls to Catholicism o Spain and Portugal refuse to tolerate Muslims in their land o Muslims are forced to either convert, leave, or die o Motivated Spanish explorers to conquer new colonies since they believed that God helped them to conquer the Muslims England  Protestant Reformation  King Henry VIII (1509­1547) o Broke away from Catholic church o New England Protestant Church: founded because the Catholic church would not allow Henry VIII to get a divorce  Sea Dogs (British Conquistadores)  Queen Elizabeth (1558­1603)  o Daughter of Henry VIII      Funded the sea dogs  Ireland o Sea Dogs were sent to end a rebellion in Ireland o Instead, the Irish were massacred because they appeared to be an inferior race     Sir Francis Drake o Career Pirate o Steals from Spanish ships in order to obtain wealth for England o Creates conflict between England and Spain     Sir Walter Raleigh o Rewarded land which is used to establish a British colony in Ireland o Since  the colony was  unsuccessful, Raleigh  turned  his  sights  towards America  Roanoke Island  Colonized by Raleigh  Raleigh   abandons   the   colonists   when   the  Spanish   armada   attacked England     Inhabitants vanished after two years  Croatoan: a carving left on a tree when Raleigh returns to Roanoke Island  Theory behind the disappearance o Colonists settled near Chesapeake Indian Tribe o Powhatans: rival tribe who may have destroyed the Chesapeakes and the colonists. France  Canada (New France)  King Louis XIV (1643­1715) o Authoritarian King of France     Samuel de Champlain o Frontiersman hired by Louis XIV o Established New France (Canada) o Quebec: capital of New France o Produced wheat      Made alliances and trading negotiations with Indians  West Indies o Produced sugar and coffee o Sugar islands became wealthier than Canada o Saint Domingue: wealthiest colony in the late 18  century


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