New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Soc 427 September 12,14,16

by: Sydney Anderson

Soc 427 September 12,14,16 Soc 427

Sydney Anderson
GPA 3.9

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Dr. Thomas's lectures on Smith and Marx
Social Stratification
Thomas, James Michael
Class Notes
sociology, social, stratification, adam, Smith, Karl, Marx, division, Labor
25 ?




Popular in Social Stratification

Popular in Sociology & Anthropology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 427 at University of Mississippi taught by Thomas, James Michael in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Social Stratification in Sociology & Anthropology at University of Mississippi.


Reviews for Soc 427 September 12,14,16


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/18/16
9­12­16    Division of Labor (Smith)    ● Smith’s thesis: wealth and prosperity can be attributed to division of labor  ● What positives are attributed to the division of labor?  ○ Mass production  ○ Faster production  ○ Lower prices  ● What are the circumstances that supposedly lead to an increase in production?  ○ By focusing on one task/aspect of production, ​ exteri​ can increase on that task  ○ Saving time​ by not having to switch between tasks  ○ Specialization leads to i​ nnovat​ in how to do task better/faster  ● Division of labor increases wealth that will extend even to poorer members of society  (because workers produce so much more than, for example, peasants in feudal society)  ○ U.S.’s poor are better off than por in less developed countries  ○ Capitalist mode of production creates more than a feudal mode of production, so  even though workers get smaller percentage of wealth, they still get more than  they would in a feudal mode of production  ○ Workers’ share of the pie gets smaller, but the whole pie gets bigger  ● Criticisms of Smith  ○ Specializing people to do a simple task makes them replaceable  ○ When workers only make a small part, they don’t see themselves as responsible  for the end product, so they don’t see the worth in their work    9­14­16       Marx    ● Mode of production: relationship people have with each other and nature  ○ Hunter gatherer society: some hunt, some gather, all share  ○ Feudal society: ruler takes from producers and sells surplus  ○ Capitalist society: people work for wages instead of just creating what they need  for themselves. Surplus belongs to the person who owns the means of  production. Surplus means wealth  ● Marx’s general argument: Fundamental basis of society is mode of production  ● Social consciousness­people know where they fit in society and the mode of production               Superstructure determines social  consciousness.        ● Workers will come into conflict with owners   ○ Because of increasingly unequal wealth distribution  ● Revolution only comes from an organized group  ● You have to destroy the state structure to change the mode of production      9­16­16 Estranged Labor (Marx)    Estranged or alienated labor from…  1. The objects labor produces  a. Workers don’t make the objects for themselves  b. The objects workers make don’t belong to them  c. Workers can’t decide the value of objects they produce  d. The products aren’t created freely; they’re a means to an end for the workers  2. Labor  a. Workers aren’t creating freely  b. Our labor doesn’t belong to us  c. We’re alienated from our creativity   d. Forced labor  3. Our “species­being”  a. We don’t have time or resources to create freely as our species intrinsically  wants to do, and our desire to create is what separates us from animals  b. We can’t even create what we want to; we produce what we’re forced to for  survival  4. Each other  a. If we see ourselves as objects/ alienated from our labor, we will see other people  the same way    Who benefits from alienated labor? The relations of production (the owners).  ● Objects the productive forces (workers) create belong to the owners  ● Not the gods, only man can control this  ● This creates a conflict    Where is alienated labor located in the capitalist mode of production?  ● Social consciousness; it changes how we see ourselves and each other and how we fit  into society  ● This social consciousness is derived from the economic base and is supported by the  superstructure    Example of how workers are alienated from labor in capitalist society:  ● Creating cabinets by hand and selling them in the local area with a great connection to  the products you make; working when you want to; each product is unique   Vs  ● Working on an assembly line and creating millions of identical pieces for Ikea cabinets;  you will feel no connection to the final product    “The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces…”  An example:    Worker: Makes 10 widgets/hour; works 8 hours/day; makes 80 widgets/day; earns $80/day  Owner: Charges $20/widget; Makes $1600/day from one worker; makes $3200/day from 2  workers, etc.    No matter how many workers there are, each worker will make $80/day. However, the more  workers there are, the more money the owner makes from them.     


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.