Soc 427 September 12,14,16
Soc 427 September 12,14,16 Soc 427
Popular in Social Stratification
Popular in Sociology & Anthropology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 427 at University of Mississippi taught by Thomas, James Michael in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Social Stratification in Sociology & Anthropology at University of Mississippi.
Reviews for Soc 427 September 12,14,16
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/18/16
91216 Division of Labor (Smith) ● Smith’s thesis: wealth and prosperity can be attributed to division of labor ● What positives are attributed to the division of labor? ○ Mass production ○ Faster production ○ Lower prices ● What are the circumstances that supposedly lead to an increase in production? ○ By focusing on one task/aspect of production, exteri can increase on that task ○ Saving time by not having to switch between tasks ○ Specialization leads to i nnovat in how to do task better/faster ● Division of labor increases wealth that will extend even to poorer members of society (because workers produce so much more than, for example, peasants in feudal society) ○ U.S.’s poor are better off than por in less developed countries ○ Capitalist mode of production creates more than a feudal mode of production, so even though workers get smaller percentage of wealth, they still get more than they would in a feudal mode of production ○ Workers’ share of the pie gets smaller, but the whole pie gets bigger ● Criticisms of Smith ○ Specializing people to do a simple task makes them replaceable ○ When workers only make a small part, they don’t see themselves as responsible for the end product, so they don’t see the worth in their work 91416 Marx ● Mode of production: relationship people have with each other and nature ○ Hunter gatherer society: some hunt, some gather, all share ○ Feudal society: ruler takes from producers and sells surplus ○ Capitalist society: people work for wages instead of just creating what they need for themselves. Surplus belongs to the person who owns the means of production. Surplus means wealth ● Marx’s general argument: Fundamental basis of society is mode of production ● Social consciousnesspeople know where they fit in society and the mode of production Superstructure determines social consciousness. ● Workers will come into conflict with owners ○ Because of increasingly unequal wealth distribution ● Revolution only comes from an organized group ● You have to destroy the state structure to change the mode of production 91616 Estranged Labor (Marx) Estranged or alienated labor from… 1. The objects labor produces a. Workers don’t make the objects for themselves b. The objects workers make don’t belong to them c. Workers can’t decide the value of objects they produce d. The products aren’t created freely; they’re a means to an end for the workers 2. Labor a. Workers aren’t creating freely b. Our labor doesn’t belong to us c. We’re alienated from our creativity d. Forced labor 3. Our “speciesbeing” a. We don’t have time or resources to create freely as our species intrinsically wants to do, and our desire to create is what separates us from animals b. We can’t even create what we want to; we produce what we’re forced to for survival 4. Each other a. If we see ourselves as objects/ alienated from our labor, we will see other people the same way Who benefits from alienated labor? The relations of production (the owners). ● Objects the productive forces (workers) create belong to the owners ● Not the gods, only man can control this ● This creates a conflict Where is alienated labor located in the capitalist mode of production? ● Social consciousness; it changes how we see ourselves and each other and how we fit into society ● This social consciousness is derived from the economic base and is supported by the superstructure Example of how workers are alienated from labor in capitalist society: ● Creating cabinets by hand and selling them in the local area with a great connection to the products you make; working when you want to; each product is unique Vs ● Working on an assembly line and creating millions of identical pieces for Ikea cabinets; you will feel no connection to the final product “The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces…” An example: Worker: Makes 10 widgets/hour; works 8 hours/day; makes 80 widgets/day; earns $80/day Owner: Charges $20/widget; Makes $1600/day from one worker; makes $3200/day from 2 workers, etc. No matter how many workers there are, each worker will make $80/day. However, the more workers there are, the more money the owner makes from them.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'