Spanish start in Texas
Spanish start in Texas HIST 4700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Map to Spanish Settling Texas Spanish ignored Texas for about 100 years because it was a province that they could not extract gold or silver from, and the Natives in the area were ferocious and unwilling to cooperate (Understandably) Spain, the mother country, is doing well. Her province of New Spain (Mexico) is doing well. Everywhere else, not as well. They also go to the Incas in Peru during this time and get more silver. They will extract the silver from mines and quarries North of MX City, and put it all in wagons, and then go to Vera Cruz, the crown sanctioned port to send the precious metals to Spain so they keep getting infinitely richer. The wagons have to be escorted because the Indians in the territory would love nothing more than the Spanish to leave. The Indians will get high on peyote and bum rush the wagons, naked, causing a great disturbance. Spanish come up with a solution: Presidios and Missions Presidios: Forts with soldiers to hold down the region, used as stops along the route of silver shipments. Very Costly. Missions: Long term solution, using Franciscan friars to educate and convert the natives into Catholic Spainards. They want the Indians to live there and become apart of the empire. Like a Boarding School with a chapel. They don’t force them in, they have to come willingly. Which they don’t Spanish is infinitely wealthy but spends no time or money on Texas. Changes the entire power dynamic in Europe. Robert LaSalle: A French man who saw the wealth that spain had and thought that he should grab some land for France, God Glory and Gold. From the Northern Most part of the Mississippi, He travels down in 1682, and claims the entire river for France. Puts a post on the mouth, modern New Orleans, called the whole territory Louisiana after King Louis XIV. This starts the Colonial Arms Race of the 18 Century. He sends word to colonize along the Mississippi, and 300 families come on down to Nawlins and settle. But in 1685 the entire fleet lands in Matagorda Bay, Texas. They get raided constantly by Karankawas. Repeat of Cabeza de Vaca. They find the Rio Grande. The Survivors decide to head north to Canada. They kill LaSalle along the way for leading them further away from where they needed to be. They walk. And walk. And walk. All the way to Canada. A few dozen make a fort in St. Louis. 5 MAKE IT TO CANADA to tell of the horrible failure of this expedition. This matters because the Spanish hear of LaSalle and franticly search for him all over Texas trying to find him and kill him. They send 11 expeditions all over Texas in 1686. The French were getting too close to their precious silver so they tried to devise a plan. 1689: The Last Expedition to find LaSalle=> They go along the coast talking to Karankawans, and see a particularly pasty one with a beard and confronted him. He was A Frenchman that was captured. He leads them to LaSalle’s fort, and it’s a broken down hovel on the coast. The Spanish are finally satisfied with their search, seeing that he is gone from Texas. THIS IS WHY THE SPANISH TRY TO SETTLE TEXAS. Using the Mission System. They go around Texas trying to find the perfect location and perfect Indian Tribe to set up their missions near. Cohuiltecans wanted it the most, they needed the protection and food, they were being hunted by Apaches. Karankawans are not Spanish enough for their taste. They settle on the Caddos because they had the most “sophisticated” economy and hierarchy. NOT ON THE COAST to protect their shipments, but far enough east to stop the land expeditions. 1690: Spanish launch a settlement 1.5 miles outside Caddo Villages. Caddos thought that they wanted to trade. NuhUh. The Spanish wanted to make a whole tribe of loyal Spaniards. Huge fuck up. The Spanish start their mission system on Texas. THEY ALL FAIL.