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End of Spain in Texas

by: Kayla Lusk

End of Spain in Texas HIST 4700

Marketplace > University of North Texas > History > HIST 4700 > End of Spain in Texas
Kayla Lusk
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Spanish fail in Texas
Texas History
Dr. Andrew J. Torget
Class Notes
texas, Spain, Mexico, Arredando
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
End of Spain In Texas Santa Cruz de San Saba: a mission in South Texas, asked for by the Apaches to draw heat away  from Comanche Raids, and their plan WORKED. These gullible FOOLS. The Spanish start  fighting off the comanches too (1757). No Apaches go in, no Comanches willing to cooperate.  Apaches are happy that their scheme worked. 1 Spaniard survived to spread the word to the  nearby missions. This represents the total and utter failure of the mission system.  The Spanish start paying tribute to the Indians of the region so they wouldn’t raid them.  They stopped raiding. The Indians get what they want, and they Spanish don’t get killed.  3000 total Spaniards in Texas, 4000 if trading season.  40,000 Indians in Texas at this point (1790) 4 BIG PROBLEMS ARISE: 1.   USA gets the Louisiana Purchase (1803­4), and claim Texas because of the failure of  Robert LaSalle claimed it for the French, so now the US. Claims all the way to the Rio  Grande River.  2.   Mexican War for Independence: Starts in 1810.  3.   Indians start to raid even more. Apaches & Comanches have a truce to focus on raiding.  4.   Americans have mini invasions of explorers. Thus the Adams­Onis Treaty on the 42   nd parallel, but the Spanish can’t enforce it Mexican War for Independence: Criollos (Creoles: Spanish decent, but born in Americas) are  angry because the Peninsulares (Spanish people born in Spain) keep them out of the most prime  positions in the New World. Miguel Hidalgo (Sept 16, 1810), speaks out on it because he is  criollo. But this incites the Mestizos (Indian/Spanish people) and the Natives more than the  Criollos, and they come bearing pitchforks and farming implements, and lead by Hidalgo, march  down to Mexico City. On they way, they decimate Guanajuato, killing anyone who looks  remotely white, pillaging, and blood runs through the streets. Most Criollos leave the cause at  this point, except Hidalgo, with the power of Jesus Christ, leads the mob to Mexico City, where  they wait. They don’t go in. No one knows exactly why he stopped the mob. This gives the  Spanish time to react, and they squash the rebellion as people leave the mob to go home. Hidalgo is executed.  BRINGS VIOLENCE TO NEW SPAIN (Including Texas) Jose de Guiterrez de Lora: goes to Washington DC to ask for help against the Spainish, and gets  nothing. Goes down to the honky tonks and bars of New Orleans and asks people to fight the  Spanish. He gets Augustus McGee, a west point graduate, and 130 men. He goes through  Nacogdoches, and La Bahia on his way to San Antonio, recruiting Tejanos along the way. They  get to San Antonio, capture the governor, and the radicals within the militia kill the Governor.  The Viceroy hears of this, and sends his most bloodthirsty general,  Joaquin Arredando: him and 1800 men go to San Antonio, and kill almost all of the rebel forces  at the Battle of Medina, August 18, 1813, the bloodiest battle in Texas ever. He only loses 50  men. The rebels lose all but 100 of their 1400 men. Arredando goes into San Antonio, jailing all  the people who failed to escape. 8 die of suffocation in the night. The next day he takes a crew  and goes along the road to Nacogdoches, killing the slowest of the rebels that ran. Mostly at the  river crossings where they would bunch up. Word gets to Nacogdoches, and those that remain  run except 5 families, leaving the mission deserted. Most run into American Louisiana, seeking  refuge, and go down to New Orleans.  Nacogdoches and La Bahia are abandoned, all that remains is San Antonio, full of political  prisoners, unable to defend themselves against raids, and start dying off.  This is the end of whatever Spanish presence there was in Texas. 


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