End of Spain in Texas
End of Spain in Texas HIST 4700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
End of Spain In Texas Santa Cruz de San Saba: a mission in South Texas, asked for by the Apaches to draw heat away from Comanche Raids, and their plan WORKED. These gullible FOOLS. The Spanish start fighting off the comanches too (1757). No Apaches go in, no Comanches willing to cooperate. Apaches are happy that their scheme worked. 1 Spaniard survived to spread the word to the nearby missions. This represents the total and utter failure of the mission system. The Spanish start paying tribute to the Indians of the region so they wouldn’t raid them. They stopped raiding. The Indians get what they want, and they Spanish don’t get killed. 3000 total Spaniards in Texas, 4000 if trading season. 40,000 Indians in Texas at this point (1790) 4 BIG PROBLEMS ARISE: 1. USA gets the Louisiana Purchase (18034), and claim Texas because of the failure of Robert LaSalle claimed it for the French, so now the US. Claims all the way to the Rio Grande River. 2. Mexican War for Independence: Starts in 1810. 3. Indians start to raid even more. Apaches & Comanches have a truce to focus on raiding. 4. Americans have mini invasions of explorers. Thus the AdamsOnis Treaty on the 42 nd parallel, but the Spanish can’t enforce it Mexican War for Independence: Criollos (Creoles: Spanish decent, but born in Americas) are angry because the Peninsulares (Spanish people born in Spain) keep them out of the most prime positions in the New World. Miguel Hidalgo (Sept 16, 1810), speaks out on it because he is criollo. But this incites the Mestizos (Indian/Spanish people) and the Natives more than the Criollos, and they come bearing pitchforks and farming implements, and lead by Hidalgo, march down to Mexico City. On they way, they decimate Guanajuato, killing anyone who looks remotely white, pillaging, and blood runs through the streets. Most Criollos leave the cause at this point, except Hidalgo, with the power of Jesus Christ, leads the mob to Mexico City, where they wait. They don’t go in. No one knows exactly why he stopped the mob. This gives the Spanish time to react, and they squash the rebellion as people leave the mob to go home. Hidalgo is executed. BRINGS VIOLENCE TO NEW SPAIN (Including Texas) Jose de Guiterrez de Lora: goes to Washington DC to ask for help against the Spainish, and gets nothing. Goes down to the honky tonks and bars of New Orleans and asks people to fight the Spanish. He gets Augustus McGee, a west point graduate, and 130 men. He goes through Nacogdoches, and La Bahia on his way to San Antonio, recruiting Tejanos along the way. They get to San Antonio, capture the governor, and the radicals within the militia kill the Governor. The Viceroy hears of this, and sends his most bloodthirsty general, Joaquin Arredando: him and 1800 men go to San Antonio, and kill almost all of the rebel forces at the Battle of Medina, August 18, 1813, the bloodiest battle in Texas ever. He only loses 50 men. The rebels lose all but 100 of their 1400 men. Arredando goes into San Antonio, jailing all the people who failed to escape. 8 die of suffocation in the night. The next day he takes a crew and goes along the road to Nacogdoches, killing the slowest of the rebels that ran. Mostly at the river crossings where they would bunch up. Word gets to Nacogdoches, and those that remain run except 5 families, leaving the mission deserted. Most run into American Louisiana, seeking refuge, and go down to New Orleans. Nacogdoches and La Bahia are abandoned, all that remains is San Antonio, full of political prisoners, unable to defend themselves against raids, and start dying off. This is the end of whatever Spanish presence there was in Texas.