Mexican Texas Part 1
Mexican Texas Part 1 HIST 4700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Road for Mexican Texas Mexican War for Independence succeeds in 1821, with Interbide switching sides to the rebellion, and leads the siege of Mexico City, cancelling Spanish presence in mexico and Texas. The beginning of this new nation was a MESS Russians in California Spanish in Cuba Americans in Lousiana, there’s a lot of them They’re in so much debt and they have no money because Spain took it all They gather a committee to prioritize their problems and they decide that Texas is the lynch pin to keeping their empire together from the 42 parallel (Oregon) into Peru. December 1821: The committee decides that Texas is the starting point to their new nation. They gotta populate it. Why are there so many fuckin people in South (America) because Britain is paying top dollar for cotton in textiles, and land is cheap, so everyone is losing their shit 18151820. This leads to: Panic of 1819: The govt of US stops selling land of credit, and forces them to pay hard cash money for most of the land. The rush on the banks make all of them fail at once. Within days the entire US economy is at a screeching halt. One man who uses this to his advantage is Moses Austin! He wants Americans to be in Texas and populate the area so the Tejanos can keep their land, and Americans can get rich. December 23, 1819: Moses Austin arrives in San Antonio with his proposition. At first the Governor didn’t want to hear anything he wanted to say, but then he runs into Baron de Bastrop, who gets him an audience with Antonio Martinez, the Gov of Texas. He lets Moses stay while he deliberates. He has to ask his superior, Arredando of all people, if Moses can bring Americans into Texas to populate it. He says yes because Texas is about to fail anyways, and they have to keep it at all costs. At this point, the Spanish are still in charge. 3 reasons they say yes: 1. They’re not Comanches 2. Tejanos want cotton farmers to bring an economy to Texas 3. They’ve given up on help from Mexico City Moses is super stoked, but dies shortly thereafter of pneumonia. So his son, Stephen F. Austin steps in. July 1821: Stephen F. Austin rides into Texas with his 14 Tejano escorts (this proves how desperate Tejanos were for people) and ride into San Antonio to find out that Mexico is Independent. Austin is very nervous because his contract was with Spain, not this new nation. The Tejanos need people so they tell him not to worry Austin travels around Texas trying to find the perfect place for his 300 families to settle. He decides on the area between the Colorado river and the Brazos. THIS IS WHY GEOGRAPHY MATTERS He writes a letter to a friend in New Orleans, to send to newspapers all over America advertising his little enterprise. Advertisement: FREE LAND* you get 4,428 acres just for showing up. 200 more acres if you bring your wife. 100 acres for every child you have. 50 acres for every slave you bring into Texas. *Restrictions Apply: You gotta be Catholic. You had to have 2 letters of Recommendation. You had to bring money, 12.5 cents per acre for surveying, and had to bring a years worth of supplies to survive until your first crop. THIS SPREADS LIKE WILDFIRE Hundreds of Thousands of letters to his PO box in New Orleans.
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