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Mexican Texas Part 1

by: Kayla Lusk

Mexican Texas Part 1 HIST 4700

Kayla Lusk
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

The start of Moses and Stephen F. Austin's enterprise
Texas History
Dr. Andrew J. Torget
Class Notes
texas, Mexico, Austin
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
Road for Mexican Texas Mexican War for Independence succeeds in 1821, with Interbide switching sides to the rebellion, and leads the siege of Mexico City, cancelling Spanish presence in mexico and Texas.  The beginning of this new nation was a MESS ­Russians in California ­Spanish in Cuba ­Americans in Lousiana, there’s a lot of them ­They’re in so much debt and they have no money because Spain took it all They gather a committee to prioritize their problems and they decide that Texas is the lynch pin  to keeping their empire together from the 42  parallel (Oregon) into Peru.  December 1821: The committee decides that Texas is the starting point to their new nation. They gotta populate it.  Why are there so many fuckin people in South (America)­ because Britain is paying top dollar  for cotton in textiles, and land is cheap, so everyone is losing their shit 1815­1820.  This leads to: Panic of 1819: The govt of US stops selling land of credit, and forces them to pay  hard cash money for most of the land. The rush on the banks make all of them fail at once.  Within days the entire US economy is at a screeching halt.  One man who uses this to his advantage is Moses Austin! He wants Americans to be in Texas and populate the area so the Tejanos can keep their land, and Americans can get rich.  December 23, 1819: Moses Austin arrives in San Antonio with his proposition. At first the  Governor didn’t want to hear anything he wanted to say, but then he runs into Baron de Bastrop,  who gets him an audience with Antonio Martinez, the Gov of Texas. He lets Moses stay while he deliberates. He has to ask his superior, Arredando of all people, if Moses can bring Americans  into Texas to populate it.  He says yes because Texas is about to fail anyways, and they have to keep it at all costs. At this  point, the Spanish are still in charge.  3 reasons they say yes: 1. They’re not Comanches 2. Tejanos want cotton farmers to bring an economy to Texas 3. They’ve given up on help from Mexico City Moses is super stoked, but dies shortly thereafter of pneumonia. So his son, Stephen F. Austin  steps in.  July 1821: Stephen F. Austin rides into Texas with his 14 Tejano escorts (this proves how  desperate Tejanos were for people) and ride into San Antonio to find out that Mexico is  Independent. Austin is very nervous because his contract was with Spain, not this new nation.  The Tejanos need people so they tell him not to worry Austin travels around Texas trying to find the perfect place for his 300 families to settle. He  decides on the area between the Colorado river and the Brazos. THIS IS WHY GEOGRAPHY  MATTERS He writes a letter to a friend in New Orleans, to send to newspapers all over America advertising  his little enterprise.  Advertisement: FREE LAND*­ you get 4,428 acres just for showing up. 200 more acres if you  bring your wife. 100 acres for every child you have. 50 acres for every slave you bring into  Texas.  *Restrictions Apply: You gotta be Catholic. You had to have 2 letters of Recommendation. You  had to bring money, 12.5 cents per acre for surveying, and had to bring a years worth of supplies  to survive until your first crop.  THIS SPREADS LIKE WILDFIRE­ Hundreds of Thousands of letters to his PO box in New  Orleans. 


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