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WILD 2050 Week 5 Class notes

by: Naomi Hampton

WILD 2050 Week 5 Class notes WILD 2050

Marketplace > Auburn University > Wildlife Studies > WILD 2050 > WILD 2050 Week 5 Class notes
Naomi Hampton

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About this Document

These notes cover the lecture and discussion for 9/13 and 9/15.
Wildlife Conservation, History and Law
William Gulsby
Class Notes
wild, Yellowstone, Yosemite
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naomi Hampton on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WILD 2050 at Auburn University taught by William Gulsby in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Wildlife Conservation, History and Law in Wildlife Studies at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 09/18/16
WILD 2050 9/13/16  Dirk Stevenson o Conservation of Eastern Indigo Snake-since 1990 o Blue  Indigos eat venomous snakes and are immune to venom  Live in burrows of gopher tortoises  5-9ft long  Neither venomous or constrictors  Kaye Baxter o Seattle Wild Bird Clinic o Started wildlife rehabilitation center o Sarvey Wildlife Care Center, non-profit wildlife rehabilitation center-rescue, rehabilitation, release  Land for Wildlife o Yellowstone  Still needed wildlife regulation but also needed to set aside areas of protected land for wildlife  Regulations can help wildlife on protected areas, but those areas have to be there  One of first areas in U.S. treated as protected wildlife area  Mountainmen & Trappers were main people that brought back stories of what the west was like  1870-exploration party of public minded and far-sighted individuals to write up plan about park and report what they had seen  Found out mountainmen and trappers were not over exaggerating Yellowstone, but actually under exaggerating  Judge Cornelius Hedges- thought it would be best to allow land to be held in trust for benefit of public o Political power as judge and adept writer o Original suggestion-U.S. set aside over 3,000 square miles of land (Yellowstone) in trust for people o 1872-Organic Bill  Set aside the area as “pleasuring ground” for people of the U.S.  Signed by Grant, named Yellowstone Park  However no good way to get to the park o Some though the park was catered towards the rich that could actually reach it o Wildlife poaching/Timber Theft  Superintendent was put in charge but had no law enforcement to enforce laws  Three superintendents could only document the exploitation, wrote to congress to get authority to enforce  1873-railroad straight to entrance of park  Allowed more people to access park but brought more miscreants  1887 all succeeding superintendents had to have military background and be active  Used to enforcing laws and locating violators  Allowed superintendents to stop them, but could not press charges  Could confiscate equipment and supplies  Attempted to make Yellowstone wildlife refuge but lobbyists got enough people to stop it  Lobbyists- market hunters, trappers, miners, real estate people  Opponents would attach rider to the bill  Rider: additional provision added to a bill that is usually loosely related & controversial, or wouldn’t pass on its own  Rider would allow railroads through the park o Cpt. Moses Harris  Documented all problems and his inability to enforce rules  Documented disregard poachers had for the park and the wildlife in the park  Went back to Washington, Boone and Crocket Club (founded in 1887 by Roosevelt)  Consisted of people invested in big game species o Theodore Roosevelt  1824  Graduated from Harvard and veteran member of legislation  Yellowstone affected him so much that he changed his path to want to be president  Fell in love with the area, wanted to help protect it, purchased ranch and wanted to go back to New York to continue to positively affect conservation in politics  Wife and mother passed away in same year  Abandoned political career, became rancher for awhile  Saw more exploitation, further fueled fire for conservation in him  Saw need and ability of like-minded people to wisely use resources  Boone and Crockett Club  “There can be no greater issue than that of conservation in this country”  Meetings of writers, military leaders, scientists, politicians, explorers o All big game hunter & spent significant amount of time in West o Formed main group of Boone & Crockett Club  Cpt Harris familiar with difficulties in managing Yellowstone, big contributor to club  Dr. George “Bird” Grinnell o PhD in Zoology o Editor for Forest & Stream Magazine  One of most widely circulated and read o Segregation Bill-would annex 600 square miles of park that was main part of big game hunting area  1893-Edgar Howell-Poaching o Former sheep sheerer o Infamous for being able to kill large numbers of big game  Lived right next to park, could avoid detection (very skilled woodsman)  Would brag about exploits in park o One of most flagrant violators at the time o Individuals patrolled-scouts and army troopers-to identify areas where violations were occurred  One set were on patrol  Saw concentrated spot of bison  Hung out around the area, traveling on skis  Found stash of freshly cashed buffalo scalps  Followed tracks, eventually heard gunshots  Poacher was in valley area, figured out it was Howell  Scout told trooper to give him the pistol, went down slope to get to Howell, jumped gulley, caught Howell  Escorted Howell out of park, put him at hotel to keep tabs on him, he thought nothing would happen  Reporter put this story on every news outlet, it spread quickly  Created national media sensation  John Lacey o Lacey Bill (for protection of Yellowstone Park) o May 7, 1894, Pres. Cleveland signed bill into law o Bill added funding, marshals to patrol park, jail sentences for extreme violators and other penalties for less severe violations  Yosemite o named park in 1869 o beautiful scenery o John Muir-one of biggest advocates  Scottish geologists immigrated to U.S.  Wrote articles about Yosemite and the dangers it faced  Pressed Congress to put it under federal protection like Yellowstone  Friends with Roosevelt  1892-founded Sierra Club  Purpose to save beautiful places in California from destruction  Went on camping trip with Roosevelt and convinced him to take control of Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove, 1906 passed bill making them part of the park o 1890 passed bill to create Yosemite o Yosemite Valley & Mariposa Grove  Groves of giant sequoia trees (largest grove in park)  Wawona Tree-tunnel cut through tree and cars could drive through it  Fell in 1960s, determined to be about 2,300 years old 9/15  Marlice van Buren o Namibian Conservationist o Vision  Preservation of Landscape  Identifying critical lands to reduce human-wildlife conflict  Efforts to make areas self-sustainable  Wildlife Conservation  Wildlife sanctuary  Carnivore conservation tracking  Species specific conservation projects  Supporting Namibia’s Communities  Lifeline clinic  Clever Cubs Pre-Primary School  Charity Lodge and Wildlife Sanctuary  Encourage Participation  Conservation tourism  Documentaries  Advertisements/films  Phil Radford o Executive Director of GreenPeace o Helped end Global Climate Coalition-which gave false information o Founded Power Shift-makes clean energy an d gives incentives to companies  Albert Hochbaum o Chief scientist of Delta waterfowl research station-1938 o Canvasback on a Prairie Marsh  National Parks Yesterday and Today o Are National Parks Good? 1916-2016  Cons:  Citizen’s Perspective o Less land for recreational hunting o Less land to buy for development  Politician’s Perspective o Not able to please everybody o Could make more money from hunting and its regulations o Could make more money/please companies in getting resources from the park o Money could be used for other conservation efforts  Wildlife Perspective o Too much human interaction  Forester’s Perspective o Less land for harvesting resources  37-400Parks


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