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Dendrology Lab Week 4

by: Naomi Hampton

Dendrology Lab Week 4 FORY 3100

Marketplace > Auburn University > forestry > FORY 3100 > Dendrology Lab Week 4
Naomi Hampton

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About this Document

These notes are over the trees covered in lab week 4.
Dr. Nancy Loewenstein
Class Notes
dendrology, Trees
25 ?




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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naomi Hampton on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FORY 3100 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Nancy Loewenstein in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Dendrology in forestry at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
American elm Ulmaceae Ulmus americana  Leaves: alternate, elliptical to oblong, rough or smooth, can be shiny, base strongly inequilateral, tip gradually pointed, doubly serrate, 4-6in long, usually smooth upper, pubescent under  Twigs: slender, smooth, zigzag  Buds: reddish, lateral buds acute  Flowers:  Fruit: single samara notched, edge hairy  Bark: alternating brown and white layers, gray-brown shallow diamond shaped w/interlacing scales, reddish white inner bark  Range:  Site: moist areas  Form: 80-120ft, trunk divides at base, drooping branches autumn olive Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata  Leaves: alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate to lanceolate, margins entire or coarsely serrate, upper green w/silvery midrib, silver scales on underside, petiole very short  Twigs: slender, slivery, may have spurs but not common  Buds:  Flowers:  Fruit: red drupes finely dotted w/silver scales  Bark:  Range:  Site: shade tolerant  Form: Elliott’s blueberry Ericaceae Vaccinium elliottii  Leaves: alternate, elliptic to oval, ½ to 1¼ in, margins finely serrate, petioles short, red in fall, shiny green top, pale below, fine rough hairs under  Twigs: new green areas developing tan and brown fissures, stems ascending, slender, round, sometimes hairy  Buds:  Flowers: Mar-Apr, 3 cluster  Fruit: small blueberry, May-June  Bark: gray and ‘shreddy’  Range:  Site: wet to dry sites  Form: deciduous shrub reaching ~10ft tall Georgia hackberry Ulmaceae Celtis tenuifolia  Leaves: simple, alternate, deciduous, ovate, acuminate, v-shaped veins, margins can be entirely serrated, serrated on upper half or not serrated, coarse, leathery  Twigs: slender, zigzag glabrous  Buds: triangular  Flowers:  Fruit: orange-red drupe  Bark: gray-brown w corky warts  Range:  Site: shade tolerant, upland forests ALGACarolinas  Form: shrub to small tree pawpaw Annonaceae Asimina triloba  Leaves: alt, simple, obovate, entire margin, large, smell like bell peppers when crushed, pubescent  Twigs:  Buds: naked bud, terminal bud ¼- ½ in long, flattened, often curved  Flowers:  Fruit: looks like small banana or green potato  Bark:  Range: understory, moist areas, no flooding  Site:  Form: forms young shoots red mulberry Moraceae Morus rubra  Leaves: alternate, simple, ovate or almost chordate, lobed or unlobed, margins coarsely serrate, upper surface scabrous (sandpapery), rough short hair, under pubescent, turn yellow early in fall  Twigs: milky sap, silky fibers inside  Buds:  Flowers: yellow-green catkins  Fruit: dioecious, clusters of small groups  Bark: rough w/long ridges, reddish brown  Range:  Site:  Form: sparkleberry Ericaceae Vaccinium arboreum  Leaves: simple, alternate, oval to almost round, often w/mucronate tip, margin entire or shallowly serrate, red in fall, dark green, shiny, may appear in cluster on end of twigs  Twigs: slender, reddish brown  Buds:  Flowers:  Fruit: small, dark blueberry  Bark: scaly/flaky, inner bark red  Range:  Site: moist area preferred  Form: tall shrub to smell tree southern red oak Fagaceae Quercus falcata  Leaves: leathery/papery, bristle tips on lobes, shallow lobed leaves toward bottom, dimorphic (bell-shaped or 5-7 lobed, middle lobe longer and falcate), underside velvety  Twigs: dark red, stout, slightly pubescent, orange/rust colored hairs  Buds: pointed, slightly angled and pubescent, lateral buds may be divergent, 3 terminal buds, reddish-brown, no hair  Flowers:  Fruit: orange-brown nut, can be striated, smallish cap, slightly hairy, dark brown  Bark: dark, can become coarsely fissured  Range:  Site: common upland oak, dry sandy or clay soils  Form: sweetshrub Calycanthaceae Calycanthus floridus  Leaves: opposite, “bunny ears”, oval to elliptical w/tapering tips, 5-12cm long, dark green above white waxy below, margins entire/slightly wavy, aromatic (sweet)  Twigs: slender, opp. stems reddish brown, raised leaf scars  Buds: no terminal bud, ball/socket joint  Flowers: solitary flower at terminal  Fruit: poisonous  Bark:  Range:  Site: moist forests, along streams  Form: upright deciduous shrub wax myrtle, southern bayberry Myricaceae Morella cerifera  Leaves: aromatic (spicy), evergreen, alternate, simple, oblanceolate, margins entire or coarsely serrate  Twigs:  Buds:  Flowers:  Fruit: small drupes in tight clusters, greenish  Bark:  Range:  Site:  Form: winged elm Ulmaceae Ulmus alata  Leaves: alternate, lanceolate, fairly narrow, slightly inequilateral sometimes, margins doubly serrate, smooth or scabrous above, distinct regular venation  Twigs: fine, may have wings, leaf scar semicircle, no terminal bud lateral buds acute  Buds: acute, reddish brown  Flowers:  Fruit: samaras, flat  Bark: gray-brown, criss-cross fissures, sometimes multicolored  Range:  Site: shade tolerant  Form: midsize tree, drooping branches witch-hazel Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis virginiana  Leaves: alternate, simple, oval to obovate, inequilateral base, wavy margins, pubescent under, tawny hair on new growth  Twigs: slender naked stalk  Buds: leaf buds-‘deer hoof’  Flowers: in fall, yellow stringy  Fruit: round 4-tipped winged capsule  Bark:  Range:  Site: shade tolerant  Form: shrub or small tree


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