PSY 101, Week 2, History of Psychology
PSY 101, Week 2, History of Psychology PSY 101 08
Popular in Intro to Psycology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaity Notetaker on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 08 at Grand Valley State University taught by Joel Quamme in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psycology in Psychology (PSYC) at Grand Valley State University.
Reviews for PSY 101, Week 2, History of Psychology
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/18/16
PSY 101 – History of Psychology I. Product of History Questions were first introduced by philosophers psychology department had not yet been created Methods for study, first used by physiologists. II. Contributions (People) Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) “father of psychology” First psych lab to test theory, identifying elements of consciousness (like a periodic table) Structuralism – created introspection to study sense and mind/ “looking inward” and reporting subjective experience William James (1842-1910) opposed structuralism Believed humans experience a stream of consciousness rather than a collection of “basic elements” Functionalism – adaptive purpose of our minds and behaviors (didn’t prove much) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) most patients were upper-class women Psychodynamic Theory – behavior reflects a tension between unconscious urges and conscious thought (mostly sexual and aggressive behavior) Interpret behavior and analyze what root unconscious problem is (Psychoanalysis) *anal retentive- child hood potty training experiences leads to personality in future Most psychologists did not accept Freud’s dynamics John Watson (1878-1958) & B.F. Skinner (1904- 1990) Behaviorism – “Mind cannot be measured objectively and therefore has no place in science” Psychology should only focus on observable behavior and how it is shaped by the environment (learning and conditioning) SCHOOL LASTING CONTRIBUTION STRUCTURALISM SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS IS IMPORTANT FOR UNDERSTANDING THE MIND FUNCTIONALISM BEHAVIORS & MENTAL PROCESSES HAVE ADAPTIVE PURPOSES; IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THEY DO AND WHY PSYCHODYNAMIC MUCH OF OUR MENTAL PROCESSING OCCURS OUTSIDE CONCIOUS AWARENESS BEHAVIORISM TO BE SCIENTIFIC, PSYCHOLOGY MUST RELY ON OBJECTIVE EXAMINATIONS OF BEHAVOPR AND ITS CAUSES 1.Cognitive Psychology How does the mind process information about the world? Like a computer, input and output 2.Social Psychology How are minds and behaviors influenced by others and social variables? E.g. culture, gender, ethnicity 3.Neuroscience How do minds and behaviors arise from the actions of the brain and nervous system?