Theory I Week 3 Notes
Theory I Week 3 Notes MUSI 115 - 002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joi Harper on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 115 - 002 at George Mason University taught by Dr. Elaine Rendler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Theory I in Music at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Theory I Notes 9/15/16 Rhythm: the part of music that affects note duration and silence - The durations in rhythm are proportional so they change in relation to each other Types of Notes and Rests: - Breve: the longest held note/rest; in common time this would be held for two measures or 8 beats - Whole Note/Rest: worth half of the breve; more commonly used than the breve; in common time this would be held for 4 beats or one measure - Half Note/Rest: worth half of the whole note; in common time this would be held for 2 beats - Quarter Note/Rest: worth half of the half note; in common time this would be held for one beat - Eighth Note/Rest: worth half of the quarter note; in common time this would be held for half of a beat - Sixteenth Note/Rest: worth half of the eighth note; in common time this would be held for a quarter of a beat - Thirty-Second Note/Rest: worth half of the sixteenth note; in common time this would be held for an eighth of a beat *When there is more than one eighth, sixteenth, or thirty-second, note after another the flags can be replaced by beams Increasing Duration of a Note: - Tie: You can make a note longer by tying them with another note as long as they are the same pitch - Augmentation dot: this extends the notes value by half of its value; if two are used the second dot is half the value of the first Beat: This is what conductors motion during a piece, what note counts as the beat is determined by the time signature Tempo: the is how fast or slow the beat is throughout a piece Measure: this contains one grouping of beats Bar lines: this is what separates measures Anacrusis: this is an unaccented beat before the first measure in a song Accent: this is an emphasis placed on a note; there are three types of accents in music - Tonal accent: this is when a note is higher than those around it - Agogic accent: This is when a note is longer than others - Dynamic accent: This is when a note is louder than others and is usually marked with an articulation Meter: This is how beats are grouped together - Time signature: this tells how many of what type of beat are in a measure; the bottom number tells what kind of note gets the beat while the top number tells how many beats per measure Simple Meter vs. Compound Meter - Simple Meter: When the upper number in a time signature is 2, 3, or 4 - Duple: If 2 beats are in a measure - Triple: If 3 beats are in a measure - Quadruple: If 4 beats are in a measure - Compound Meter: When the upper number in a time signature is 6, 9, or 12; each of the simple time signatures multiplied by 3 Special Time Signatures: - Common time: this is when the quarter notes get the beat and there are 4 beats per measure also known as 4/4 - Cut time: this is when the half notes get the beat and there are 2 beats per measure also known as 2/2 Borrowed divisions: this is when you fit a note that normally is in simple meter into compound meter or vice versa (i.e. triplets, tuplets…) Syncopation: This is when you place stress on a beat that is normally unstressed; this normally happens when you elongate a note that is on the weaker beat Hemolia: when 3 notes are played in the time of two like a triplet Special Rules: - Use a dot on any note as long as it doesn‛t make the note over extend the measure or obscure the beat - If a dot would over extend the measure or obscure the beat you must use a tie - Do not use a beam if it obscures the beat - Never tie a rest - The beat should be able to be seen
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