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All Terms for The First Test

by: Ericka Garrison

All Terms for The First Test ART 1030

Marketplace > Middle Tennessee State University > Art History > ART 1030 > All Terms for The First Test
Ericka Garrison
GPA 2.8

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About this Document

These terms cover the following periods; Prehistoric, Greek, Roman, Medieval, The Renaissance, and High Renaissance.
Art Appreciation
Raymond Kleinlein
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ericka Garrison on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 1030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Raymond Kleinlein in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 145 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art History at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
All Unit One Terms For Test One Prehistoric ­ Roman Form: What a work of art is 1. Physical Characteristics ­ Media general ­ Style ­ Design Content: What a work of art means and attempts to communicate; subject matter. Iconography: The study of the relationship between form (and symbols) communicates content.  From Greek “eikon” image and Latin “graphien” to write or describe Kouros: youth Stylized: Simplistic (stiff) Perceived Universe: real, imperfect world Essential Universe: Perfect universe not observable but knowledgeable through logic, reason,  and art. Humanism: Highest human achievement; affirmation of humanity Acropolis: High city Classic: Cultural work that has been determined to have high value and significance in which  endures the work of art. Old but people still like it; a work that has been determined to have  HIGH QUALITY and never go out of style; 480­320 BC Antique: From Latin “antiquus”; old. Paleo also means old.  Cultural Antiquity: The cultural and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome Relief Sculpture: Where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. The term relief is from the Latin verb “relevo”, to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane. 3D but attached to something. Freestanding Sculpture: unattached to a supporting unit or background; standing alone. In the Round: A type of sculpture in which the figures are presented in complete three­ dimensional form and are not attached to a flat background (unlike relief). The principal types of  sculpture in the round are statues, busts, and sculptural groups. Contrapposto: Counter pose; an asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line  of the arms and shoulders contrasts with while balancing those of the hips and legs. Archaic: Old and Outdated; 600­480 BC Hellenistic Period: The time between the death of Alexander the Great and the rise of Roman  domination. During this time, Greek culture was dominant throughout the Mediterranean; 400­30 BC Canon: Measure, rule, law. The engaged leg. Kanon also means accurate. Glorification/  affirmation of the human body Doric: Short, flat simple, flat top, no base Ionic: Tall, slim, exquisite, curved top Plan: Layout Cella: Main room of a temple where the statue would be held Colonnade: A row of columns holding up the roof. Elevation: Drawing of a façade seen head on Order: Top of Greek column Capital: Separates horizontal and vertical Post and Lintel: A building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by strong  vertical elements with large spaces between them; the beginning of arches. Post= vertical  supporting element. Lintel= horizontal supporting element. Pediment: Triangular space at the top of a temple Verism: True to life, realistic, “warts and all” style of representation; from Latin “verus”: true. Arch: Curved structure spanning an opening, spand curves out to support the structure; may be  hemispherical/curved or pointed. Arcade: Series of arches supported by columns or piers. Vault: Continuous arch used for ceiling, not just doorway.  Barrel Vault: One long, continuous arch Groin Vault: Intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles Damnatio Memoriae: damnation of memory, political condemnation Medieval – High Renaissance Manuscript: Handwritten; Latin: manu scriptus. Made of velum or parchment paper. Used  Tempera paint; made of egg and color pigments. Middle Ages: Medium aveum Chi Rho Iota: Pronunciation of Greek letters, X= Chi P= Rho I= Iota; Greek word for Christ:  XPICTO. XPI= Greek abbreviation of Christ Cloisonne: Decorative work in which enamel, glass, or gemstones are separated by strips of  flattened wire placed edgeways on a metal backing. Celtic Knot Pattern: Mainly used in The Book of Kells on the Chi Rho Iota page. Very intricate  and small knot details.  Relic: Sacred object; sometimes inside are bones of prominent religious figures.  Reliquary: Holds the relic Nave: Center space of chapel Aisle: a space for walking with rows and seats Transept: an area set crosswise to the nave in a cross­shaped building Choir: where the choir is placed behind the chapel Apse: Where the statue would be; middle of room towards the back Ambulatory: Walking space behind the apse to continue the flow of traffic Altar: Where the priest stands and preaches Pier Buttress: A solid mass of masonry.  Flying Buttress: A flying buttress is one which reaches over a side aisle to support the heavy  stone roof of a cathedral. Roman Arch: Smooth curve Gothic Arch: Pointed curve; architecture built to amaze and also tall arches draw the eyes  upward towards God.  Basilica: a large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in  ancient Rome as a court of law or for public assemblies. Stained Glass:  Told stories of the bible through vivid colors and light. Allowed light in but  cannot see out. Luxe Nova: "new light," and it specifically refers to the advent of stained glass in France in the  12th century. Renaissance: Rebirth; naturalistic. Acceleration period.  Buon Fresco: True Fresco Fresco Secco: the technique of painting on dry plaster with pigments mixed in water. Oil Paint: Dries slower (months) and is more vivid that tempera paint. Gives off light and is  hyper realistic.  Tempera Paint: Raw egg and powered pigments to make paint Grisaille: A method of painting in gray monotone Putis: Little Man Trompe L’oiel: Fool the eye.


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